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Kite-Energy Glossary
... being built since January 7, 2009.
Anyone is invited to help build an effective kite-energy glossary for all   Send to News@energykitesystems.net

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z             Other glossaries of interest

  • TA  Tethered aviation.     Or:  technical advisory
  • TA ConOp        TACO    
    TACO is AWEIA's official submission (via AWEIA USA Chapter, as the party with direct US legal standing, as a Voluntary Association of national citizens). TACO generally concurs with AOPA's concerns (which we had early access to).  EAA is a bit stronger in questioning AWE, and NAAA (Agricultural Aviation) is the most worried, so we have a lot of confidence building to do. The most negative voices were individual pilots. TACO frames AWE in terms attractive to pilots.
     
    TACO stands for Tethered Aviation Concept of Operations, as commodity energy production is not at all our only application for tethered flight, but just the top area of interest,
    CONOP     Concept Of Operation
    CONOP     Continuous Operation
    CONOP     Contingency Operations Plan
  • TACO King        AWES5313     See above.
  • tachometer
  • tack
  • tack speed
  • tacking
  • tacking speed
  • tacking wings   (notice the tacking sails in boat sailing. Notice Dave Santos'  FlipWing (TM) that tacks one way and in long stroke tacks another way. See AWES Message  )       Also found:   tackingwing, tackingwings 
  • Vertical tacking wings
  • Horizontal tacking wings
  • Diangonal or oblique tacking wings
  • Kite-lifted tacking wings
  • Tacking wings constrained to tethers or cables or rails
  • Greenbird      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJLFQ-1nGz0
  • Sailrocket
  • Fabric tacking wings
  • Rigid tacking wings
  • Wings of kites may tack in short or long stroke
  • tactician
  • Tad Eareckson caring for a special sector of human kiting ...
  • TAE    Texas AWE Encampment  
  • tagline, tag-line, tag line      M4077  AWES5288
  • tail matters  See: main folder==> Tails

    •  
  • tailless kite  Walker, 1903.
  • tail rope, tail-rope, tail line,
  • tail rudder kite                 Ockels used the phrase in his patent: US6072245
     
  • take-off
  • take-off and landing
  • take-off and landing tests
  • take permit    in wind industry.  incidental take permit
     
  • take-up reel
     
  • tako kichi   "kite crazy".      tako kichi gai        crazy about kites
     
  • tame surge
  • TAMUCC   http://www.tamucc.edu             See: Island University Designated by FAA as Unmanned Aircraft System Test Site  ::"One of the main research goals is finding the safest methods for unmanned planes to sense other aircraft and take measures to avoid collisions."
  • tandem arrays
  • tandem assemblies          kites in tandem assemblies     tandem arrays       Explore arrays, kite trains, train kites, clusters, coteries, centipedes, chains, trees,
  • tandem kites
  • tangle          Keep in mind the kite precept that "If if can tangle, it will."
  • tape, tapes
  • tape tether, belt tethers, flat tethers,
     
  • taper
  • tapered
  • tapered tethers to kite systems.  Tapered tether for kite trains, stacks, trees, coteries.
     
  • targeted investment 
  • tarp
  • tarp mill, tarp AWES      COTS Tarps as Experimental AWES Wings     |  Mothra
     
  • TALA  tethered aerodynamically lifting anemometer (TALA) 
    • A low level wind measurement technique for wind turbine generator siting
      Baker, R. W.; Whitney, R. L.; Hewson, E. W.
      Wind Engineering, vol. 3, no. 2, 1979, p. 107-114. Research sponsored by the Bonneville Power Administration
    • http://tinyurl.com/TALAanenometer

    •  
  • TARS                     Tethered Aerostat Radar System
  • target kites    
  • task, tasks, tasking
    • work kite, work kite system       Kite systems designed to do a certain work or task
    • task-specific kite, task-specific kite system       Kite system designed to the task in mind may enabled task fulfillment better than if the system was not designed with the task considered.
    • Want something done? Could some kite system help get that something done?
    • job-fulfillment kite systems
    • AWES are either kite systems performing tasks or aircraft that have WECS onboard.
    • Focus on tasking kite systems is part of the essence of K3.
    • Fit the kite system to the specified task.
    • Fit the kite system to do the job well.
       
  • TAVP     tethered aerial vehicle platform
     
  • taut                  [see the comparative:  tauter]
  • taut cable
  • taut cables
  • tauter, comparative of adjective "taut"
  • TAWECS tethered airfoil wind energy conversion system      1979 patent   TAWECS
     
  • taxi        AWES taxi, kite system taxi, kite taxi,  take AWES wing to upper airs and then release. The taxi aircraft returns to base for next duty.  In AWES7467  BobS recommends helicopter drones for AWES taxi service.
     
  • taxi method      Ref1   Method may be scaled to save on coal and oil in various industries beyond kitefishing. 
  • Taylor             Geoffrey Ingram Taylor
  • Taylor-Couette flow   Taylor-Couette flow
  • Taylor-Green vortex      Taylor-Green vortex
  • Taylor cones
  • Taylor flow    Taylor vortex
  • Taylor Geoffrey Ingram Taylor
  • Taylor vortex
     
  • TBS    TBSs    tethered balloon systems         Art1
     
  • TCS tether control system
  • terrain enhanced and terrain-enabled wind power
  • TE    wing's trailing edge:  TE                         Related:    LE   leading edge of a wing          
     
  • TEAWECS           or TEWP     
                     terrain-enabled wind power
                     terrain-enabled airborne wind-energy conversion system
    • terrain enhanced and terrain-enabled wind power
  • technical kite
  • technical progress reports
  • technical promise      What does AWE theory promise?  
    See also marketing promise
  • technology
     
  • Technology readiness level                 TRL            
                               "AWECS in small is at TRL9:   ...Jan 15, 2011, ~DaveS
     
  • TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER OPPORTUNITY
    • v
    • v
    • v
       
  • Tedlar
  • TDC  top dead center
  • teeter totter lever
     
  • Telefunken  had some involvement with rotary-

    blade kite electricity production . Rotokite and

    SWP both have reference.    1930c.  [ ]
     
  • tell-tale         wiki  
  • temp AWE             temporary AWE installation.  See other related terms: mobile AWE, perma-AWE.
  • temperature    wiki 
  • temperature gradient       wiki  
  • temperature monitoring  
  • tendon
  • tendon kiting
  • tendon tether
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)    ... giant electricity provider  
    [Ed: How fast will AWE occupy some of the TVA land assets and water assets? See their Green Switch that mostly looks to HAWT in solutions; AWE is hardly even recognized.]
  • tenon     mortise and tenon  http://z.about.com/d/woodworking/1/0/6/-/-/-/MortiseTenon.jpg
     
  • tensairity beam
     
  • tensairity   Emba      Photos
     
  • Tensairity Kite      Photos     Image    There is occurring some inaccurate use of the term mechanically. Some LEI kites are not employing the tensairity principle while some people are still applying the term "tensarity kite" to the device;.  [[Ed: The ancient tech of splinting a beam is being coined as "tensairity" where a beam of any sort is splinted via tensed cable nets.]]
     
  • Test image is at source HERE.        Twings, tensairity wings, tensegrity wings, tensed wings,
     
  • http://www.empa.ch/plugin/template/empa/*/83607
  • http://www.empa.ch/plugin/template/empa/*/70986

  • tensegrity
                                   
  • tensegrity beam
  • tensegrity tower       Links
  • tensegrity tower beam
  • tensegrity deployment        Ref1        UseRefByDarinSelby  
  • tensegrity tower
  • tensile loads
  • tensile power distribution technology
    • Origins?         Kris is working on a document
    • The Probable African Genesis of the Kite
      The ancient origins of kites are mysterious. Some myths are absurd. One Chinese account credits the kite on to a member of the emperor's court who supposedly labored two years on a wooden hawk kite. More likely the far older SE Asian kite was the functional model for an imperial party favor that started an enduring popular craze.

      A completely separate Chinese version credits a peasant who noticed his conical hat flying off a fence by its tether. This is quite plausible. Spontaneous kite physics in common objects happens quite often.

      Some kite historians propose the Egyptians had kites. They point to kite-like objects common in old carvings. Similar images have been found on ancient Greek & other artifacts. Rigorous analysis of a wooden glider toy from Tut's tomb reveals well developed aerodynamic knowledge.

      A recent commotion in archeology is called the "String Revolution". Rare survivals of Paleolithic textiles, analysis of clay imprints, spinning tools, fishing gear, & the like, paint a vivid picture of highly developed string & fabric technology so far dated to about 40,000 BCE. It was probably quite early that these materials, as used for tents, sails, banners, & many other devices, suggested the kite. Its probable that the kite principle was easily lost to small scattered populations.

      The string revolution almost certainly began in Africa. Since the kite principle emerges naturally from experience with string & fabric, then the first kite is likely one more case of African Genesis. Similarly, paper & parchment seem to be African inventions & would have served well for kites. Saharan nomads no doubt had kite-like experiences with tents in wind There are elegant Tunisian paper kites that have no known colonial prototype. The West Indies have a complex kite culture among its African peoples based on a three stick kite able to negotiate high wind beyond all other world traditions.

      African Kite Genesis Theory predicts that evidence will increasingly emerge to support the idea & that modern Africans will show a strong affinity & genius for a renaissance of kite cultures, including the emerging field of Airborne Wind Energy (AWE).         Dave Santos,    Oct. 5, 2009
    •  
  • tensiometer
  • tensiometrics
  • tensiometry
  • tension         wiki
     
  • tension-based structure              Otto Frei    
     
  • tension-compression pairs
  • tension cord
  • tension-cord factor               
  • tensioning
  • tension metrics
  • tension pawl
  • tension tower
  • TensionTower
  • tensile-based wind systems
  • tensile structure          wiki     
  • tensile wings
  • tension-based wind systems
  • tension gauge
  • tension indicator
  • tension-limiting device, tension limiter, tension controller, tension control mechanism, tension limiting strategy,
  • tension logging       Logging the history of tension changes in a line.
  • tension meter
  • tension monitoring
  • tension regulation
  • tension releasing
  •  
  •  
  • terminal block
  • terawatt       "Such vast power & far more dependable than wind, its a terawatt resource"  wiki
     
  • terrain-assisted AWES AWES7525
  • terrain enabled wind power.    TEWP has hard-fix systems as well as tethered-set systems.  M344     Also: terrain enabled wind power.  Usually two points of terrain are tension coupled by cables holding turbines.  Two points across a valley or gorge are potential sites; the strongest wind is often at the central upper portion of the valley.  AWES7525  
     
  • terrestrial turbine      Turbines that hug the ground or use towers to hold the turbine without flying a kite or kytoon at high altitudes.   Note: Some terrestrial turbines use close-coupled kites, like a conventional windmill with kites of short line as the substitute for blades.
     
  • territory occupation
  • territory power density of an AWECS installation
  • Terry Mason      d. June 16, 2012
  • TES
  • Tesla   
  • Tesla three-phase
  • test
    • test center
    • scaling-tests phase
    • test to destruction   TtD
    • test for certification    TfC
    • test-to-failure   TtF
    • test engineer
  • testing,
  • testing platform
     
  • test-to-failure
     
  • tether, tethers  
     
    • See also: Line Encyclopedia
    • holding, connecting, guiding and/or power transmitting line leading from the body to the ground level structure   
    • A kite is made of parts; one of the parts of a kite is the tether or tether set. A kite may have more than one tether. The other parts of a kite include the wing and the body at the other end of the tether set that cooperates to establish tension in the tether; the two parts that terminate the tether or tether set involve at least one wing (abbreviated as "kite" in much of the literature while an assumption of tether and mooring); the other end of the tether may be a moving or fixed mooring which mooring may be indeed another wing or hydrofoil or vehicle or kite pilot, etc.  A kite might be in free-flight (all parts moving in a stream) or fixed with a fixed mooring.
    • the tether as an energetic equivalent to an aircraft engine         AWES5109
    • tapered tethered
    • graduated diameter tethers
    • streamlined tethers
    • sheathed tethers
    • Complex tethers
    • compound tethers
    • stepped tethering, stepped diameter tethers,
    • material choice
    • handling
    • dynamics
    • wear
    • fatigue
    • splicing
    • cable manufacturing
    • inspection tactics
    • proofing qualities
    • visibility to other aircraft
    • visibility to spectators
    • niche uses of invisible tethers
    • visibility of a tether set  
    • markers on tethers to increase visibility
    • illuminated tethers
    • night lighting of tethers
    • tests for integrity
    • smart tethers
    • tracking the history of inventory
    • rail tether  WO2010129124  (A3)  -  SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR UMBRELLA POWER GENERATION
    • MetaMega lines:  AWES6034
    • Dyneema
    • pultruded carbon fiber
    • piano wire
    • line       See LEP
    • liana, lianas    lianas  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liana     Consider tethers in nature.
    • Dave Lang
    • Hilary Costello         tether dynamics, cable dynamics, streamlined tethers,
    • Positively-lifting tethers???      Discuss: AirborneWindEnergy/conversations/messages/11245
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrodynamic_tether Electrodynamic tether

    •  
  • tether-based power systems
  • tether-based wind turbine

    •  
  • tether challenges
    • wear, cuts, abrasions, rot, UV damage, creep. history of shocks,
    • breaking near anchors
    • breaking at mid-tether
    • self-cutting on reels
    • tension accumulation on reel and need for de-tensioning
    • mass
    • design for purpose
    • length
    • total mass
    • drag
    • twist
    • expense
    • inspection
    • replacement
    • conductivity
    • visibility
    • supply
    • pre-use inspection
    • use space and separation from other objects
    • storage
    • permissions for airspace use
    • Positively-lifting tethers???      Discuss: AirborneWindEnergy/conversations/messages/11245
    • tether slip-ring standoff     Hardware/images/SlipringedStandoff.jpg
       
  • tether condition
  • tether drag
  • tether drag power
  • tether dynamics        
    • David Lang
    • Hilary Costello         tether dynamics, cable dynamics, streamlined tethers,

    •  
  • tether control system (TCS)     GenLink  
     
  • tethered airborne wind turbine systems
     
  • tethered aerial vehicle platform (TAVP)
     
  • tethered aerodyne
  • tethered aerostat         GeneralLink
  • tethered aerostat radar systems  TARS
  •  
  • tethered airborne wind-driven power generation device   (TAWDPGD)
  •  
  • tethered airfoil             
  • tethered airfoils      Classic intro in 2003 by Wayne German:  Tethered Airfoils
  • tethered airfoil systems
  • tethered airfoil technology            Wayne German           GeneralLink
  • tethered airfoil wind energy conversion system      1979 patent   TAWECS
  • tethered air platform
  • tethered aviation
  • tethered energy glider      (kite that cycles into glide phase)
     
  • tethered flight
  • tethered flight system, airborne tethered flight system,
  • TetheredFlight.com     (pending entry to AWE, but now held for general purposes by someone)
  • tethered-flight technology   TFT
     
  • tethered flight vehicle   can come in powered and unpowered versions or a mix of power. Kite systems are a subset of tethered flight vehicles.  Tethering a powered single-place manned aircraft would also exhibit a tethered flight vehicle.   Dave North of NASA likes to refer to kites as "tethered flight vehicles."  M4037   Wayne German promotes "tethered flight" and kite energy.
     
  • tethered flying electric generator    TFEG 
  • tethered foil
  • tethered hang glider
  • "tethered kites"
    • This may refer to kite systems branching off a main tether
    • This may refer to the more accurate "tethered wing" which is a kite.  In such instance the redundancy is not needed and occurs probably because an author has a narrow view of "kite".  A kite is already a system where a tether is an essential part.

    •  
  • tethered horizontal axis wind turbines THAWT
     
  • Tethered Rotor-Blade Lifting Vehicles       by Dave Lang, 2010.
  • tethered tensile wings
     

  •  
  • tethered tension field wind turbine      W. Roeseler "Billy"
  • tethered turbine                          www.tetheredturbines.com
    An old tethered turbine from the eighties, crushed in storage, Shawn is mistaken about the difficulty of small cheap reliable turbines. Blades are fom a beer can. Brooks saw many of these fly in public. They made music & lit LEDs. No failures. An old tethered turbine from the eighties, crushed in storage, Shawn is mistaken about the difficulty of small cheap reliable turbines. Blades are fom a beer can. Brooks saw many of these fly in public. They made music & lit LEDs. No failures.
  • tethered underwater current turbine energy generator
  • tethered vertical axis wind turbines  TVAWT
     
  • tethered wind energy converter          TWEC   
     
  • tethered wind systems, tethered wind power systems
  • tethered wind turbine
  • tethered satellite
  • tethered wind systems

  • TetheredWings.com, TetheredWings Association, TetheredWings Financial Credit Union,
    • Note: No space in the string "TetheredWings"       ... trademark of Wayne German
    • Soaren Federal Credit Union,      trademark of Wayne German
    •  

  • Tethered Wingborne Electric Generator  |  TWEG  |  Tony Asplet |   Hulpro Engineering  | Australian application for provisional patent |    Note: In their application for a patent, they also split the word Wingborne to Wing Borne. [ ] We await their preferences. The legal agent seems to prefer the compound word. | agent for legal Shelston IP, 60 Margaret Street, SYDNEY NSW 2000  |
  • tether elevation angle  (TEA)      This has meaning at stations along the tether, as the angle to the horizon varies at each station.
    • The TEA near an anchor is frequently noted.
    • The TEA very near a wing in the kite system is another popular TEA.
    • Often noted as "tether angle" or "line angle" or "kite line angle" with an assumption of the angle measured from level ground up to the line.
  • tether frequency
  • tether hook
  • tethering
    • tethering chain
    • tethering line
       
  • tether mast             InvolvedHere      And see KiteGen stem also.  Also: fishing pole control of kites. And kites at the end of string to a stick; the stick is a mast.   Flagpoles are related here.
     
  • Tethers Unlimited's "Multi-Application Survivable Tether" (MAST)
     
  • tethermares     (nightmare situation with the tethers of a kite system; awful challenge)
  • tether panels
  • tether parameters
  • tether position sensor
  • Tether Rotations
  • tether scope     (issue comes in with respect to land use of AWE)
  • tether sensor
  • tethers
  • tether satellite  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tether_satellite
  • tether slack 
  • tether sphere        The sphere defined by a fixed tether as the radius of the sphere.
     
  • tether tactics       M_____      
     
  • tether technology                  
  • tether tension, peak tether tension, average tether tension,
  • tether tension meters
  • tether tensioning
  • There is of course a fatigue on the tether, but it can be accounted for, by appropriate testing, as in this test rig, http://fuoripista.webs.com/Immag0006.jpg
  • tether types
  • tether UV damage
  • tethister    August 2009: "The latest "tethister" tri-tether works well with trees. You simply anchor a line off from the top of the tree a & tap the center of it to a spragged generator. A tree is a dissipative aero/mass dampener array, not very efficient for extracting power, so only small devices are really practical      DaveS"
    think of a tetrahedron with its base on the ground; the sides of the tetrahedron are tethers to a kited apex; in the central region of the base is a working electric or pumping generator.
  • tether vibration modes       Tether Rotations    | tether oscillation |
  • tetrahedron
  • tetrahedral kites
  • TEWP    terrain enabled wind power.    TEWP has hard-fix systems as well as tethered-set systems.  M344     Also: terrain enabled wind power.  Usually two points of terrain are tension coupled by cables holding turbines.  Two points across a valley or gorge are potential sites; the strongest wind is often at the central upper portion of the valley.


  • TFEG   tethered flying electric generator    (see interesting free-flight non-tethered FEG using dynamic soaring techniques)
  • TFR, TFRs    What are TFRs?
    A Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) is a type of Notices to Airmen (NOTAM). A TFR defines an area restricted to air travel due to a hazardous condition, a special event, or a general warning for the entire FAA airspace. The text of the actual TFR contains the fine points of the restriction.    TFRs 
  • TGV
     
  • THAWT

    tethered horizontal axis wind turbines
     
  • theme kites
     
  • theodolite     INSTRUCTIONS FOR AEROLOGICAL OBSERVERS. Year: 1921.
     
  • Theo Jansen   | images |  Video1  | wiki  |  Strandbeest |
  •  
  • thermal, thermals
    • artificial thermals
    • triggering thermals
    • thermal updraft velocity           Blipmap
    • thermal lofting      
    • visualization of thermals
    • thermic activity
    • coring a thermal during soaring
    • thermal effects on kite systems
    • thermal effects on AWES
    • sizes of thermals
    • shapes of thermals
    • thermal edges
    • life of a thermal
    • conditions for thermals
    • thermal bubble
    • thermal height
    • duration of a thermal
    • moisture content of a thermal
    • cloudbase
    • artificial thermals for soaring     
  • thermals 
    • our folder: Thermals
    • Sloughing thermal  Diagram  http://www.cometclones.com/IMG00003.GIF
      Comment by Rick Masters: May 17, 2012
              In 1986, I conducted extensive flight testing in California's Owens Valley. Flying a hang glider equipped with the first prototypes of Alan Fisher's Thermal Snooper, I was able to map the microdynamic characteristics of thermals for the first time. In addition to the classical view of the thermal established by sailplane pilots, the slow flying speed of the hang glider and the sensitive response of the thermistors on the Thermal Snooper provided a greater insight, which led to the concept of the "Sloughing Thermal." The Sloughing Thermal differed from the classical model in that rotating patches of air were constantly breaking off of the thermal as it rose, creating random zones of sometimes severe turbulence in the neighborhood of the rising air. Because strong thermals exist in concert with these rotating patches of air, sudden, short-lived downdrafts are common in the vicinity of thermals. Flying through this kind of turbulence on a hang glider, which prevents sail deformation by means of a structural airframe, can usually be done safely by an experienced pilot. Paragliders, however, have no structural protection against sail deformation. It remains a mystery to me why anyone would seek out this dangerous form of collapse-inducing turbulence on a paraglider when much safer alternatives of aircraft are abundantly available. Perhaps this can be explained by a seemingly widespread inability among paraglider pilots to understand the ramifications of the Sloughing Thermal, the primary trigger of paragliding fatalities.
  • thermocouple     wiki        What will be some roles in AWES for thermocouples?
  • thermoelectric                 Seebeck effect          thermocouple
  • thermoelectrolysis       thermal electrolysis         electroloysis
  • thermal stresses
  • thermo-acoustic engine
  • thermodynamics
  • thin-film technology
  • third-party confirmation
  • third-party validation of engineering claims      AWES6745
  • Thom rotor
  • three-mile zone offshore     Maritime zones and boundaries
  • three-phase       1Ref    2Ref   Wiki 
  • three-phase electric power    Wiki 
  • three phase shaft power
     
  • through-cord method of construction of airfoil: 

    thru cording, through cording     DS kite surfaces coupled by lines from one surface to another. Recall the Goodyear inflatable plane with thousands of through-strands keeping the airfoil shape of the wings.   Through cording is used in some very large kites instead of cloth ribs.  See WLK for link to Peter Lynn Kites, Ltd. large ray kites with thru cording.  
     

    • Advanced concepts include real-time control of the lengths of through cords to alter the airfoil during flight.
    • vertical thru-cords
    • diagonal thru-cords
    • v
    • v
       
  • thrust
  • thunder
  • Thundersticks
  • tidal barrage      1Art     Consider water-kited generators in the inflow and in the outflow.
  • tidal lagoon
  • tide
  • tidemill      tide mill          e.g. Free Rotor by 'Colin Bruce Jack'
  • Tilting windmills     |  Article1  |  discuss
  • TipB      Faust-Santos Tipping Boom (TipB) in public domain
  • tipping boom        See also: dipping boom, wafting lever, ballasted lever,     M109  TipB  TippingBoom
  • tip speed
     
  • tip speed ratio   TSR 
    • Calculating TSR for a wind turbine     Art1   
    • Blade tip speed divided by ambient wind speed.
    • One frequent categorization: Drag wind turbines have TSR less than unity. This ratio is always less than one for drag-based turbine.  TSR = TS/WS   Consider ambient wind versus relative wind.  If TSR is greater than unity, then the turbine is a lift-based turbine.     Wiki.     Art2     Caution statement:
    • Consider "optimal tip speed ratio" to complete one's analysis.
    • v
    • v
    • v
    • v
       
  • tip tethering
  • tip wand  
  • TIR  TIR stands for "Transports Internationaux Routiers"          wiki   
     
  • titanium
    • titanium wire
    • titanium cable
    • titanium tube forms
    • How does titanium compare with other materials used in AWES?
    • v
       
  •  
  • TKB   The KiteBoarder
  • TKES traction kite-energy system
     
  • TKPS    towing kite propulsion system
     
  • TKS     Two-kite solution.
  • TKT    twin-kite technology          is a branch of FF-AWE in fluids (same or mixed).
     
  • Tomás Saraceno     Home.  
     
  • Tom Van Sant, M.F.A. is a sculptor, painter, and conceptual artist.   http://www.tomvansant.com/
  • to-and-fro cyclical motion
  • tools for kitemaking, kite-system operating, kite repair,   Tools
  • tooth
  • toothed wheel
  • toothless ratchet
  • top
  •  
  • top dead center  TDC
  • topography
  • topsail, top sail.         See also bottomsail, bottom sail.
  • top-up gas       the recharge gas for balloon or kytoon
  • Torrey Pines

    torque    wiki  

  • torsion           
  • torsion AWE    M252    torsionAWE 
  • torsion cable      There is a working file concerning the niche uses and potentials of mining the energies of a  rotating tether, the twisting and untwisting of a tether.  Article. We invite more discussion on topic.
  • torsion shaft
  • torsion-spring motor
  • torsion tube     
    Comment: "Note- a drive-shaft/torsion-tube is a high-compression structure that presses hard on its core under load. Most of the weight is solely to fight this compression, either by a solid core, or by a rigid tube section. Buckling failure is more likely given the vagaries of service, but a torsion-tube can actually implode under load.  13Oct2010 ds"
     
  • torsion-tube hydro turbine
  • torus        wiki                  Animation of punctured torus turning inside out. (1 Mb)        Images
    • torus kite
    • tori  (plural of torus)   
    • Company called: Torus Kites  toruskites
    • torus involves the Faust "cavexity" in spheroid alterations
    • donut
    • three circles:  sky inner or minor, sky exterior or major, cross-section.   Generation methods are several; one is the rotation of a circle about a point.
    • thrivemovement           Movie         "torus dynamic"   
    • figure-of-eight rotated
    • v
    • v
    • v
       
  • towed devices                Devices pulled along through soil, air, gas, water, plasma. The tension in the connecting devices pulls a set of things.   Puller set, tension system, pulled set.  Each aspect interacts with its environment.
    • towed noise-maker
    • towed decoys
    • towed surveillance pods
    • towed wings
    • towed controllable wings
    • v
    • v
    • v
  • tower
    • towered wind turbines
    • tower shadow
    • tower's coefficient of drag   (shape-dependent)
    • towerless wind energy
    • tower "lift" HAWT blades to the sky; towers have their drag and consequential disturbance of the air stream that affect what may be mined downwind of the tower.
    • wiki/Wind_turbine_aerodynamics
    • tower aerodynamics, lattice-tower aerodynamics, circular-cross-section tower aerodynamics
    • Adaptable Hybrid Aerogenerator (AHA)        Article1 

    •  
  • tow fish   is the wing of an underwater kite system.   
  • towing
     
  • towing accidents
  • towing machine, towing machines, winches, towing devices, towing vehicles, tugs, tug boats, tow truck, aircraft for towing,
     
  • towing methods
    • Human-hand pulling of tether              Friend's towing
    • Animals pulling of tether
      • Dog tug
      • Horse tug
      •  
    • platform towing where platform is on a moving vehicle
    • static-line towing
    • kite-system rigged to tow the primary kite wing
    • parachute drag towing of primary kite wing
    • drop mass in hole to tow a kite's wing
    • scooter towing of kite's wing
    • powered aircraft towing of kite's wing        aero towing, aerotowing, AT
    • payout winch towing of a kite's wing
    • bi-wing tether free-flight where the wings at either end of the tether are working to tow the other wing
    • powered boat towing of a kite's wing
    • resistance of a water hull tows the kite wing.   Or is the kite towing the water hull?  : ) What tows what?
    • towing with release systems and weak links
      • Knife to cut towing line
      • single-point bridle
      • double-point bridles
      • multiple-point brides
      • weak-link studies
    • towing with tension meters and realtime towing-parameter reporting
    • alternative bridles in towing methods
    • Raft or water-chute towing of a kite's wing
    • towing rig that involves line-speed multiplies
    • powered winch
    • drag-line
    • truck towing
    • towing a boat with rudder actions is a kiting situation
    • car towing
    • bungee-launch
    • V-bungee launch
    • high-start
    • automatic control pressure
    • tension-limiting tow systems
    • http://hpac.ca/tow/HPAC_Tow_Manual.asp
    • Hydraulic Payout Winch System
    • Sailboat tug
    • Ship tug
    • What went wrong in a towing method?   Towing accidents.
    • Gyro Hang Glider Tow
    • payin / payout / static and aerotow (trike or Dragonfly)
       
  • towing kite
    •  

    •  
  • towing kite propulsion system      TKPS
     
  • tow line
  • towline
  • towline conveyors       study1       
  • tow point           force transmission point        Use1
  • towrope                  June 1928 Popular Mechanics
  • toy-kite-scale kite energy
     
  • toy-scale AWE
    Other sectors of AWE scale: utility-scale AWE, commercial-scale AWE, residential-scale AWE, nomadic-scale AWE, sport-scale AWE, toy-scale AWE, miniature-scale AWE, or micro-scale AWE
     
  • TP          turning point, task point,
  • TPG is an abbreviation for Taylor Paper-Glass.      Article1
  • TPU 
    • Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) Film   AWES5684 and following.
    • bladders
    •  
  • track
  • tracking
  • traction
  • traction kite
    • traction kite energy system TKES
    • dynamically flying towing kites
    • v
    • v
       
  • traction phase    versus passive phase.    Power phase versus cost phase.  Production phase and cost phase.    Energy-gain phase and energy-loss phase.   Yo-yo method. Etc.
  • traction rope
  • traction rotor, traction rotors, | AWES4410  |  Tigner  |
  • traction step       followed by release step.    Cycles.
  • traction wheel    (bull wheel)
  • tractive flying device
     
  • tractive force     wiki         Care for the force in a particular direction when analyzing the tractive force of a kite-energy system.
     
  • trad         traditional
  • trade
  • trades          trade winds      wiki
  • trade winds
    • northern hemisphere trades
    • sourthern hemisphere trades
       
  • train        GeneralStudy      kite train
     
  • trained string        Putting a string or line through eyes, pulleys, fairleads, holes, et.   Rare usage.  "an eye through which the pair of strings is trained"
  • trainers, AWECS trainers, AWE trainers,
  • traingen       M434    or  generator rail-car  
     
  • trajectory control
     
  • trajectory of the kite
  • trajectory tracking
  • trajectory tracking using linearization   
  • transducer  A transducer is a device that converts one type of energy to another.   Wiki    Hence in the broad family of transducers, AWECS may be seen to be a subset of the superset transducers. A kite is a transducer.
  • transformer  (electrical)
  • transformer      M231
  • transitional flow
  • translation
  • transmission cableway
  • transmission efficiency
  • "transmitting AWE to market"
  • transponder
  • transport efficiency   (of energy or stored energy)
  • transportation of energy
  • Trash in kite realms      MainFolder
    • trash kites (see also scrap kites, recycle kites)       
    • trash technology AWE, TTAWE, trashTechAWE, TTAWECS, airborne wind energy conversion system put together using found trash
  • traveler
  • traveling anchor
  • traveling wave propulsion (air or water scene)
  • traverse axis
  • traverse-axis fluid turbine
  • traverse-axis hydro turbine
  • traverse-axis wind turbine
  • transverse batten                Let nose to tail be flow direction; let normal to that line be transverse. Battens set in sail at somewhat normal to the flow direction are transverse battens.
     
  • traverse to the wind, traverse to the ambient wind, approximately traverse to the wind,
  • trapeze, history of the trapeze in aviation, A-frame, triangle control frame, control frame, TCF,
  • trawel
  • trawel door, a paravane (water kite)    imagesDoorsForTrawling
  • trawler
  • trawling   See trolling also for extensive rigging methods useful in AWE.
     
  • TRC    tethered rotorcraft           
  • tree  and some other plants may be seen as natural kite moorings and kites themselves. Tree as kite? The roots and trunk form the mooring of the kite; the leaf is the wind-sail body that is tethered by the leaf stem; the branches are harder parts of the extended tether that meet in the trunk or very-hardened heavier tether. As the wind blows, the set of L/D sail bodies...the leaves... some of the wind's energy is converted to lift and drag that causes mechanical tension to the leaf tether-stem. Having a kite as a set of parts: mooring, tether, and wind L/D element....we have trees as kites.  Others have found many leaves as kites; but here one may reach trees as kites.   A tree is a kite. Trees are kites.   Fall's fallen leaves briefly waft in their falls; the stem barely drags a bit, but not enough to dynamically soar very far; decay is the common end of the leaf kite, unless treasured soon enough by a human artist for remaking into a new kite life.  There are a wide variety of trees (tree kites) with a variety of leaf flying parts.    ~~JoeF  See Timeline.

 From a long poem, stanza II:

II
The steps draw stories
On the playground
The leaves are kites
In children's mind

Pablo Rosenblueth

  • tree
    • tree kite: kite system that mimics the branching and leafing of trees. The trunk is a tether set tensed by the kiting actions of branched kited wings
    • tree kite: where the wing cover seems to figure a tree
    • solar wind tree with supported trunk (may or may not featured kites in the branched arrangement
  • tree-branch motion
  • treed kite    This is a kite system that finds itself in a tree. Think Charley Brown
  • tree-energy applications     M274     
      
  • tree generator, TreeGen, TreeGenerator  Wind wafted tree leaves and trunks are used to generate pumping and electricity. Leaves as kites ... Capture the movement of the tree trunk to generate useful energy.
     
  • tree leaf motion
  • tree power                     M274
    - Some tree species sway more than others.
    - Planted groves may be especially effective.
    - Tree "towers" can live for hundreds of years.
    - Slings are required where lines attach to trunks.
  • tree-trunk motion trim
  • trestle
    • launching trestle         See: Butusov
    • (cousins to launching rails, launching ramps, launching platforms, ...)
    • v
       
  • triangle
    • triangle load patch
    • triangle control frame, A-frame  (in hang gliding in at least 1908, as is common today)
    • triangle kite
    • triangle control frame  TCF         A-frame   |   U-frame   |    V-frame  |   Queenposting   |   Breslau 1908   |  others before 1910   |    truss   |   public domain mechanical art  |   Batut rig with single-point hang and TCF   |   Prentice 1960   |  Spratt  |  Grade   |   Santos Dumont    |   FLIGHT early issue    |   obvious by those skilled in the arts   |  untenable silly invention claim by GH for JD and then he began to believe the untenable resulting in hurting tilt to hang glider invention culture.
  • Triaxial Acceleration Computer        E.g., SeTAC (SEQUOIA Triaxial Acceleration Computer)
     
  • Triboelectric effect    wiki     
  • trickle-down economics      wiki
  • trickle-down technology
  • trim                               [[Opposite: un-trim, de-trim, place out of trim]]
  • trim inputs
  • trim effects
  • trimmer              sail trimmer
  • trim strap
  • trip
  • trip mechanism
  • tripping
  • tripping device
     
  • TRIPE   www.environmentalfisherman.com
     
  • triple redundant flight control system     See also double redundant flight control system
  • tripline      trip line 
  • tripod     string tripod     tripodal tether system    tripodal tether kite system    TTKS
     
  • Tripod-Tether                    Dedicated folder.
    "Tripod-Tether (Kite)" will be a more descriptive concise replacement for initial "String Tripod" & "Tripodal Tethered" Kite" terms.   Historical evolutes: TT, TTAWE Tripod-Tether AWE, TTK (tripod-towed kite optional meaning), and  tripodal tethered kite system    See:  M151    See also lower on this page at "TT" for image.
    News:
    --demonstrated Tripod Tether electricity generation by a two-kite system in June 2009 by Dave Santos in Washington, USA 

    Tri-Tether Power Converter  See: Cooperative IP Disclosure:  Gearless AWE system   see M231
     

    Big milestone reached:  M2917

    "New Persistent Flight Principle Demonstrated (Pumped Tri-Tether)" by inventor Dave Santos.

    string tripod      M126          Use in kite firefighting: M140       M190  

    • "string tripod" is interchangeable in use with "tri-tether"
    • AWES5449  and related posts
    • See early kiting with staking large kites by three tethers or more
    • See early ballooning tethering for stabilization
    • See the cranking energy-input to kite system by use of two or more tethers
    • See bi-staked rotating ribbon kite
    • See two to five-line kite systems in the power-kite fields
    • http://www.main.org/polycosmos/biosquat/deltanew.htm
    • See all spider web dynamics including captured leaves wafting in the wind. See how spiders stabilize their aerial position and sometimes actually kite in the wind. See also how some spiders deliberately vibrate their bodies (the wing of an AWES) to shake all their tethers and blur their own position in a defensive reaction.
    • http://web.archive.org/web/20091013111347/http://www.main.org/polycosmos/biosquat/deltanew.htm  October 13, 2009.  What are the dates of your first notes on string tripod, etc.?
    • Wright Brothers two-tether control kite. The two human operators had option to walk or run the mooring; the dynamics of the wing also sent forces to move the operators' arms and bodies.
    • http://www.energykitesystems.net/DaveSantos/TripodTetheredKiteSystem.jpg
    • Tri-tether Aerostat Tricks
    • Explore KAP aerial stabilization techniques
    • Explore methods to stabilized aerial surveillance platforms
    • See tri-tether in German patent:    AWES5458

     


     

  • tri-reeling     Tri-Reel (crosswind reeling)     July 2009      Dedicated folder.
  • tri-tether, triTether  or string A-frame    M371
     

  • TRL   technology readiness level        wiki             AWE4637      TRLs  (plural)      e.g. TRL-9 of DOE.
    Claimed first (Jan. 17, 2012) TRL-9 COTS AWES: AWES5404

    • http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/wp/2014_2015/annexes/h2020-wp1415-annex-g-trl_en.pdf  Technology readiness levels (TRL)

    • Where a topic description refers to a TRL, the following definitions apply, unless otherwise specified:
       TRL 1 – basic principles observed
       TRL 2 – technology concept formulated
       TRL 3 – experimental proof of concept
       TRL 4 – technology validated in lab
       TRL 5 – technology validated in relevant environment (industrially relevant
      environment in the case of key enabling technologies)
       TRL 6 – technology demonstrated in relevant environment (industrially relevant
      environment in the case of key enabling technologies)
       TRL 7 – system prototype demonstration in operational environment
       TRL 8 – system complete and qualified
       TRL 9 – actual system proven in operational environment (competitive manufacturing in the case of key enabling technologies; or in space)
       

  • trolling   "tuna/salmon multi-line trolling & shrimp trawling & logging cableways" ~Dave Santos ...as source of rigging arts for kite system benefits
    When one sees the analogical parallels between fetching energy from the sky with AWE with the rich and deep technologies involved in trolling and trawling in the waters of the world, then crossover technology may be mined. Some links for this processing:     See also fishing rigging and trawling
  • troposphere   Region of most kiting beneath stratosphere
  • tropospheric kite systems  
  • tropospheric wind
  • trough (meteorology)       wiki  
  • true airspeed
  • trunk network    AWES7525
  • truss
  • trusses

     

  • TSR   Tip speed ratio. 

     


  • TT   tripod-tether kite system      Preferred: Tripod-tether       TT
    Innovation announced May 27, 2009, for energy kite system in AWE   M151 
  • TTKS           M2742  
  • TUAAKAE    "truly unimaginable artist and kite aficionado extraordinaire"         
  • tube
    • case to hold bladder.   Examine winding methods, binding methods. Consider tensairity.
    •  
    •  
  • tube kite
  • tube sled kite   Ref1
  • tube tail
  • tubercles    
  • tube wells
  • tuck
  • TU Delft         
  • tuft        wiki
  • tug                     See also: damping tug
  • tug kite
  • turbine       (and turbine types)
     
  • turbine backdrive
  • turbine barge  (barge dedicated to holding turbines while tugged by kites)
  • turbine kite
  • turbine kite system  
  • turbine sail               Phrase in proposal by Dan Tracy of  power-sail works.
  • turbines on cables
  • turbine-tipped free rotor    See Free Rotor.
  • turbine types     
  • TurboSail
  • turbulation
  • turbulence
  • turbulent entrainment
  • turbulent flow
     
  • turntable
  • turntable kite     Article in PowerPoint format.   
    See also carousel method.
     
  • turret
  • TUSK system :   tethered undersea kite        Funding R&D in 2013
  • TVA    Tennessee Valley Authority
  • TWECS    tethered WECS, tethered wind-energy conversion systems, tethered wind energy converter, tethered wind energy converters   
      
  • twing, twings     tensairity wings [Term is in low use yet.]   Twings
     
    • tensairity wings
    • tensed wings
    • tensegrity wings
    • also being used for "tethered" wings: Twing or Twings
       
  • twin-keel parawing
  • TwinvTec         Article01      Twing       Twings
     
  • twinskin kites, twin-skin kite,   TwinSkin kite,  twin skin    These are variants of Jalbert parafoil kites.    Mattress kite, arc kite, ram-air-inflated airfoil kite, double-skin kites, mods of the Jalbert airfoil ram-air principle-using kite,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arc_kite  http://peterlynn.com/products/twinskin-kites/
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foil_kite
  •  
  • twist                      AWECS twist method
  • twist-up 
  • two-directional ratchet drive
  • two-kite solutions  TKS
  • two phase cycle  
  • two-stage oscillating swing pump (Darin Selby)
  • two-way Wells turbine
     
  • TWT    tethered wind turbine    RefDJA   Amick Global   
  • Tyrus Wong
  • Tyson Turbine     Seehydro       GeneralStudy        wiki  
  • Tyvek®  (registered trade name)
  •  

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