Miscellaneous working notes:
- USHawks forum on
Mission statement for WWRA?
Targets of WWRA?
One of the targets of WWRA is the
scientific study of the potential extremes of WR.
Birdman Rally events include
many WR examples. It is evident that the running part has had only token
attention in training. See some video post at US Hawks:
- Current active folder hereon:
- Oz Report thread on
Birthday, Otto Lilienthal
how to wear wings while running by @ACCORDING2KELLY on JANUARY
- Costume wings. Running with those wings.
- On WR wings have some rotating wing, even turbines
for generating electricity
to charge batteries or light up LEDs on the wing or clothing.
HAWT, VAWT. Set the rotating wings low or up into high-hat
position; or even up higher via tethers, but still do WRs. WWRA
proposes AWES sector: the wing runners would dedicate their running
energy to the making of energy to charge the batteries of people. In
calms the running speed would tend to be more. Though anticipation is
for very very minor production of energy:
WWRA proposes an AWES sector.
Wing runners may don or loft wings that have rotating parts that drive
the shaft of generators. In calm airs, the running would cause the
relative wind to rotate the wing parts for electricity generation;
running speed could be less when running a wing into the wind.
- Strap-on wings. Run with those wings.
- Kite running 1. Type where operator is running as
part of the kite system. 2. Type where a person is running
after a breakaway kite or kite system that was set free deliberately.
Video collection for WR
- Don wings for a WR session.
- Home made speed wing
video. wing runner
Discuss. Dr. Carsten Mehring Street glider,
street flyer, See also
- Open to all humans and animals: World Wing Running Association
- See each early wings, flappers and fixed-wing. See how they combined
with the wing. See running stypes. See Safe-Splat mitigations in the
- Age-appropriate wing running.
- Size-appropriate wing running.
- Cuben fiber non-woven hoop set and tensairity longitudinal set for
casement holding positive-pressurized bladder. Pressure-keepers,
pressure sensors, controls, pump.
AWES6526 and following discussion. Compare 0 deg
and 90 deg arrangements for the case structure with helical windings.
Or both patterns. And the amount of fibers in the structure for
each direction. Consider reefable inner plates in various
arrangements from a single diameter (two bladders) to diameter and two
normal radii (four bladders); or equilateral triangle of reefable plates
in the interior (four bladders).
- Universal WR cockpit for fitting different wings for WRs.
- Safe wing running.
- Running in wing suits. Wingsuit pilots step off cliffs, but
sometimes run; one may run in a wingsuit; indeed, wingsuits may come in
- Fictional cape flyers; they often run with their wing cape.
- Running training for non-bounce? Keep water in an open bowl;
bounce will spill the water. Test oneself.
- Purpose-appropriate wing running.
- Run with tethered kytoon wing. WR employing kytoons.
- Harnessing one's wing.
- Hand-held wings.
- Run with wing to the park for flying sessions.
- Run with wing to give launch to uninhabited glider or powered
aircraft. Consider running with
- Fictional animal WRs, e.g.,
Road Runner escaping
- WR with street focus
- wing tip handler is sometimes called a wing
- WR with public-park focus
- WR by humans is a form of human-powered winging; some will have WR
as a preamble to human-powered flight; however many human-powered
aircraft do not have the pilot doing running; however, assistant wing
runners may steady the aircraft before flight occurs
- WR with shoreline wet-sand focus
- WR with taut runway over dry-sand focus
- WR with stadium half-time entertainment focus
- WR with HG focus
- WR with FLG focus
- WR with level flat high-fly focus in calm ... analogical to high
jump. Wing-assisted high jumping.
- WR with incline-use focus
- WR with or without Safe-Splat mitigation
- WR with wings packed.
- WR launch of FLPHG. WR landing of FLPHG.
- WR with wings partially deployed
- WR with wing fully deployed.
- Moon walking
- WR in the landing sequence of a hang gliding flight: issues, wing
characteristics, wing weights, setting wing down, Safe-Splats, variety
- pre-running, warming up body, warming up legs, wakening the legs
before serious running is needed
- Flapping wings while WR.
- [[Off topic, but interesting:
Evolution - What's the good of
half a wing?]]
- Wing evolution
- Wing evolution
- Wing evolution
3of4 "choose to run
instead of fly" "wing-assisted incline running"
- Wing evolution
| Bats and fingers |
- Do any insects run with their wings?
- Streamlining the human wing runner
- Moon-walk WR in landing a high performance hang glider:
- Consider the world record holder in track and field sprinting. Then
begin to expand winging on him or her.
- Consider the world record holder in track and field long-distance
running; then begin to expand winging on him or her.
- Consider top human running long jumpers; then begin to add winging
to them. What happens? What might happen by varied choices?
- Consider top human running high jumpers; then begin to expand
winging on them. What happens? What might happen by varied choices?
- WR and pop up? Low-drag and low-lift
during run to speed, then morph wing and AoA for best pop-up?
- WR and flare?
- Static wings while WR
- Wing porosity changing while WR.
|The point where a glider takes to the air is
the most thrilling part of any flight.
The next is coming in to land.
Testing new designs in ground-skimming mode is great fun.
As a young boy I imagined that the plants in the garden were
and I was able to fly over them in my mind. I still dream of such
~ Tony [aka, ARP, May
- Roll Wing
- Options for connecting with one's wing set.
- Responsible WR
- Irresponsible WR
- Group WR, same path same direction. Or same time in opposite
directions on parallel close paths.
- Flat long-glide in nil wind: world records for wing-assisted long
glides on flat? How to judge the touch points? How to determine wind and
wind-assisted efforts from raw calm or nil-wind non-wind-assisted
efforts? All are welcome!
- Famous WRs.
- Infamous WRs.
- WR accidents and incidents.
- WR guides for elementary-school teachers, middle-school physical
education teachers, high-school P.E. teachers,
- WR guides for WR coaches.
- Guide for administration of a WR event.
- Calm-air flatland running records with null wing, with tiny wing,
with each specified wing. How fast might one run with a particular wing?
- WR occur over a path. Is that path with hazards? Inspection skill?
- Wing characteristics?
Millions of WR "sweet spots"
that may be personally selected and set as action targets:
- What is sweet for the goose may be different from that which
the gander chooses OR PREFERS.
- The variables for any particular WR will invite a "sweet
spot" fulfillment. Change something in one or more of the
variables and a new sweet spot will be defined.
- A "sweet spot" may be a fuzzy range of values.
- One may choose to consider just so many variables and ignore
other variables. Relative to the chosen variables
will be a sweet spot for one or more of the variables.
- For instance, here is an incomplete set of potential
variables of a WR:
- wing design
- wing weight
- self weight
- self skills
- ambient wind speed
- running path conditions
- inclination of the WR path
- degree of Self-Splat device chosen
- gustiness of the ambient wind
- altitude above sea level of the wing run
- air temperature, air humidity
- intensity of run
- freshness of body
- distance that the wing is from the ground during the WR
- Purposes may change from one WR session to the next.
Purposes within a session of WRs may vary ...
- Is one savoring the WR just in itself? Are there
ulterior motivations for a WR (e.g., art photography commerce,
commercial movie making, attracting a mate, earning a living
with commercial WR operating, winning a competition, etc.)
- Is one doing a particular WR in order to launch into gliding
and perhaps soaring; and if so, the nature of the intended
- Short glides, long glides, low glides, high glides?
- A high jumper donning a one square inch wing protruding from
his or her shoulders will not glide very far.
- A WR who is using a wing of 10 m^2 running the wing
downslope into an ambient wind of 7 m/s may have gliding as a
target of the wing running. Or not.
- Running style that is without vertical bouncing. How to train for
such style? Measuring skill for such style.
- Endurance? Remain capable for 50 firm WRs per session?
Begin with 1.
- Variables regarding endurance:
- Count of WRs in session
- Average relative airspeed attained in WR.
- Wing used in the session (design, mass, L/D,)
- Type of WR
- Tactics in ceasing a WR
- Time invested on each WR
- Time invested in total session.
- Clothing used in the session
- Net system L/D (includes person's posture, clothing, gear)
- Adapting the wings used in non-WR sports? Windskating,
windsailing, kitesailing, landsailing, hang gliding, etc. What are the
changes in the wing desired for a certain mode of WR?
- Study training sessions when people are running wings.
- Inflated wings for WR. Air, helium, hydrogen, ...
- Spars and ribs for wings for WR.
- Why WR? Why WR when one might
choose wing gliding, windskating, hang gliding, windsurfing, etc ?
- Study launches where short and long runs are made with hang glider
- Study the variations of running wings using long tethers.
- Ground traction and friction will play their gifts in WR.
Characteristics of the running path and feet or soles of shoes will
dance their meaning in the final WR result.
- Air drag will will be part of the WR experiences. Many sorts of drag
are open for the attention of those doing WR. Design and control may
affect drag. Gusts and turbulence over the parts of the system (runner
and his or her wing) will affect the results of a WR effort.
- Running small wings in stronger breezes?
- Null-wing WR (NWWR): (care for Safe-Splat options when
mitigating stumbles, overspeed, etc.)
- On level ground
- Into headwinds of strength choice at various ground speeds.
- With the wind of strength choice at various ground speeds.
- Safe-splat options (study the options). See Safe-Splat
- Thoracic shell and cushion
- Neck-cavity-fill toroid
- Head brace
- Body-part airbag
- Body-part guards and protectors
- Roll wing, annulus, ring
- Face shield
- Helmet integrated with suits
- Specialized clothing
- Appropriate shoes to fit chosen WR specifications
- Wing as cushion source
- Wide rollers
- High hat rapid pitch control
- Restraining lines
- Foam of different sorts in various places in WR system
- etc. (see)
- How much mass is in a wing for WR?
Momentum is mass
times the velocity; and so momentum is a vector quantity where direction
is part of the essence. Direction of the moving wing and body of the WR
does change the character of a WR effort.
- The run in WR? Short one-step run? Five-step run? 100-step
run? 1000-stride run?
- During the run of a WR, one probably does not want to experience
cramps, muscle pulls, stumbles, slips, slides, drops, bumps, etc.
- Training for mastery, robust control, smooth coordination, timing,
strength, endurance, etc. may be choices in various amounts by specific
wing runners. Avoiding personal injury will let WR continue to be
what one wants. Advancing abilities by pointed training may be part of
|Wing building for WR
- Dominant material? Structural type?
- Will the wing be a fixed form meant need not packing down to
small storage volume?
- Will the wing be packable to a smaller storage and
- Will the wing structure be collapsible?
- How will the wing runner interface with the wing?
- In the wing set of a macro wing, how many sub wings will
- Will there be a wing storage container?
- Will the wing be busable by one person or two persons"
- Will the wing need two or more persons for its handling?
- What tools will be needed during a WR session?
- Will one be building just one wing or many wings? Will
subassemblies be used among many wings (say wing-runner's body
connections to wing, etc.)
- Will the build be a foundation that can be morphed easily or
with difficulty? Will the build be mostly with materials
obtained from discards ("trash technology") or will the build be
a fixed design using state-of-the-art materials and
- Culture, style, appearance, functionality
- Size? Size
is relative to design and purpose of the WR activity.
What is large to one person may be tiny to another person. Wing
set: one wing or more wings in the system used. Running a
multi-wing system? Running a kite train? Running a biplane
- Size zero: The
null-wing run is equivalent physically to just
running. This is an important part of training for WR.
Controlling bounce may be a target of some wing runners.
Gaining strength and endurance in a controlled-bounce running
may be a desired objective. Keeping the drag low may involve
keeping bounce and wiggle out of the run and handling of one's
body and wing.
- Tiny: wing appliqué on a tee-shirt , medallion, virtual,
- Large span: 15 m, 10 m, 5 m,
- Sweet-spot sizing. A wing may be sized to best
fit a set of conditions among chosen focus variables.
- Safe-Splat options
- Longevity of the wing
- Historical wings that have been run? Who, what,
where, cost, results, etc. Are there plans for
- Crafting tips may be sifted from those building wings in
other disciplines from art, model aircraft, hang gliders,
ultralights, sailplanes, primary gliders, kiting.
- Crafting tools.
- Covering methods.
- Study wing running involved in kited launch of manned gliders. Both
the running of those running to tow the wing and the pilot who might be
running in his or her foot launching during the towing. What are the
challenges in both the running-towing friends and the the running pilot.
See the videos of splats where injury occurred when running with wing
under tow (towed by any method). What is the need for Safe-Splat in
these towing scenarios?
- Examine all available video that shows people doing WR. Study
crashes, gaits, speeds, wing involvements.
- Early notes that were once on Oz Report and in Lift ezine, etc.
Gather those notes.
- Running with wings in hats.
- WR at special sites? Indoor or outdoor sites.
- WR in Moon City?
- WR in artificial gravity Space Colony?
- Distinguishing WR from HG or PG or gliding or wing walking or
- WR as the preamble action segment for launching FLG (flatland long
Jamie Budge. He has photos of some early 1970s hang gliding.
- Place personal name on wing, family emblem, etc.
Favorite person on thing imaged on wings used in WR. Checklists
imprinted or applied to surface of wing used in WR. Prayers on
- Wing of mirror-like reflectivity.
- Incorporating WRs into other activities, festivities, parties.
- Providing wings for groups for a WR group activity.
- White wings.
- Black wings.
- Porosity control on wing membrane?
- Terminating a WR
- Warming up for a WR.
- Testing winds to be used in a WR.
- Exercises to advance WR skills
- WR site database
- WR records.
- WR in the dark of night?
- Indoor WR?
- Inclination of the WR path? Will the path be exactly and only
on flat ground? Will the path be for going upslope only? Will the
path be for going downslope only? Will the path of a WR involve
both upslope and downslope sectors? Will a WR session involve
first an upslope WR followed by reversing into going down the same slope
in a WR? Variety of path inclinations might be chosen or avoided.
- Fine-art wings for WR.
- Flaring in WRs
- WRs with Safe-Splat
- Parking lots for WRs with Safe-Splat
- High-touch flare from flatland level WRs.
- WR with low resistance and then suddenly morph to rapid climb. How
high might one get? Records for calm WR flatland?
- "(the office is closed on Mondays.)" Then... is Monday a good
day to WR in a park? Etc. Planning one's WRs per site. Traffic.
- Cell phone on WR excursions.
- Running with wings on shoes.
- Running habits for WR
- High hat wings
- Drag of system
- Backwards running WR
- Sidewise running WR
- Wing of WR as rain cover, sunshine shade giver,
- Wing of WR as tent, as sleeping bag, as exercise mat, as sled, as
beach blanket, as raft, as table, as awning, as shade, as sign, as
advertising surface giver, as source of income,
- Do WR for hire, for hire for advertising, for hire as group leader
- WR classes, courses, talks, demonstrations.
- Halftime decoration: WR demo, activities,
- Run wing in circle patterns, figure-of-eight patterns
- Wing making
- Use WR skills for the launching of hang gliders and the landing of
- The PIW on the Horten hang glider; what running style.
- Bring in the universal
play of running with flags, banners, kites, umbrellas, glider
- Stumbling while WR and the mitigation of stumbling
- Begin log. Walk, if not run! Wing walking (WW)
- Many species of birds do WR. Look into albatross WR, duck WR, etc.,
And notice the ostrich WR tactics.
- Relationship with track and field.
- Relationship with hang gliding
See and discuss: discussion thread:
Wing Running (WR) at US Hawks open-public forum
- Relationship with paragliding
- Relationship with kiting
- Relationship with HPA
- Relationship with AWES or kite energy operations
- Relationship with physical-education school programs
- Relationship with programs in parks and recreation departments
- WR with intent of winged high jumping WHJ where
the target is to fly on flats, but clear barriers.
- Relationship with HPA human-powered aviation: 1. Running
the wing before a follow-on onboard working. 2. Assistants at long
wing running along until flight-control speed is obtained to guard
against roll damages. To be a WR for a HPA flight requires care,
- Sailplane launch wing runners.
- Accident history. What can go wrong? What has gone
badly? Stumbling, trips, crashes, broken parts hitting
pilot-runner, broken parts or full device hitting spectators or
property, property damage
- Example images from various activities.
- WR while in preamble for foot-launching of kite or hang glider by
- Lift and drift for the wing and person involved in the WR
- Noise from wing flapping. This may be deliberate and part of a WR
activity. Make noise with wings; run faster for more noise. Make music
- WR racing. Point A to Point B. How fast? Type of wing?
Matching wings for races.
- During wing dancing there will be some WR.
- Wing walking (slow run?).
- The following wingsuits are built for flying; running in these
wingsuits is not the purpose and is made difficult by the short steps
required, as the connecting web between legs hobbles the run:
- Running with focus while adding a wing to the complex brings on new
considerations of balance, interaction with the air, momentum, terrain
texture, hazards, potential flight,
- Running with a wing while simply transporting the wing without
intent of any lifting, but with intent of minimizing the drag of the
wing in order to effect simple transport of the wing. Wing
carrying as a material-handling activity.
- Packing wings to be used in WR
- capes, cape lore, cape fiction, super hero cape,
- Wingsuit flying does not involve WR except in the landing sequence
of the parachutes used to end a flight session.
- Carts for aerotow launching of hang gliders removes the foot-launch
running that is involved in foot-launch towing (aero, scooter, winch).
The WR of the foot-launch towing is to be in the scope of WR studies.
- Study the gait of the birds who run extensively for launching.
Notice the landing for birds is a different matter where perching and
flaring and crashing seem more prevalent than any running in the
- Running with wing in hand to give launch airspeed for a glider, a RC
sailplane, a kite system for private, person, commercial, or
government purpose forms a WR sector.
- Is anyone running with the kitewing?
KiteWing USA Promo
Shown: sliding, skiing, rolling on wheels, ....but not running. Yet.
Running involves the body in a way that is quite different from relative
fixing feet on sliding, skiing, or wheeled device. The commercial
Kitewing is crafted to match the non-running modes.
- Wheelchaired WR. The adding of wings to wheelchairs is to be
explored, described, practiced.
- [[Flash idea: Perhaps
an annual technical conference dedicated to collapsible
easy-carry-packed busable hang gliders.]]
- Tools and instruments. Altimeter. Wind speed meter.
Inclinometer. Compass. Map. Clock. Calculator. Log. Temperature
gauge. Air pressure gauge. First-aid kit. Camera. Video camera. Cell
Connery using a neck-fill head-neck brace.
(Link: thanks to David Williamson.) airbag