will be
an end
game for many.


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How will I know how far I'll fly?

I’m high flying and free
There’s a sun rising for me,
There may be cities beyond the roof tops
Oceans beyond the seas
I'll fly out to a faraway sky,

No one has traveled so far
Out to a faraway star
Maybe farther.

There’s a new world out there,
Coming to find me
Everything’s waiting up ahead
Nothing is behind me,
If I don’t dream,
If I don’t try,
How will I know how far I'll fly?

There may be mountain peaks,
I want to slide down,
There may be rivers fast and wide
I want to ride down.
If I don’t dream,
If I don’t try,
How will I know how far I'll fly.

From movie Napoleon

Special thanks to Neil Larson for the header art for this issue and for the Want Ads page! Happy New Year, Neil.

An instance of early downtubes and basebar control frame with pilot hung by flexibly-held seat that harnessed the pilot and effectively pulled the wing (thus a gliding kite or paraglider system). Filed in 1905, though he had the tech earlier.  See: KP686  and discuss.

  • wiki/Gustave_Whitehead

  • Hats off to all that Gustave A. Whitehead gave to the world of paragliding!    
    First decade of 1900s. 
    He patented a two-tether to pilot glider; harness was simple seat.
    Basebar; two downtubes; pilot hung behind basebar.
    Airframed type of gliding kite hang glider.


What is this?
Wing 7


At frist blush , it possibly could be a freight- hauling craft of some type.
With the open area in the center and the four prop set-up seems to indicate this could lift a great  weight.
But upon further investigation -  it is the latest  prototype of the Makani Power, Inc. team -
Experimental Wind Turbine Flying Craft with a potential to invert wind into  20 Kilowatts
- This craft can hover , remaining  in sustained directional attitude.
Neil Larson




Glider Engineering

Happy new year!

And good news...! I finished the drawings and plans for my BarretinaHyperlite.

The plans and additional information are here http://www.laboratoridenvol.com/projects/bhl/bhl.html
posted in public domain for free study, copy, and development. In addition, the first prototype is being built by my friends at Adrenaline Paragliders headquarters in Yecla (South-eastern Spain). Is very close to finish!

I think a new breed of simple-surface paragliders is emerging...

I notice more news soon, with pictures of the first unit.

Best regards,



Reports of explorations on making and kiting the wing are invited in time. There will be manned and unmanned reports, maybe from you. 
tags: single-surface, Barretina Hyperlite, Pere Casellas, Laboratori d'envol


  •   Some canopy matters:  
      From a US Hawks discussion thread:

    :) :!: Tony Prentice, hang glider pioneer of UK, offers:

    When doing low level testing the skis provided a fail safe allowing a belly landing without damage. Some of the slopes used for testing were very shallow and extended glides in ground effect would bleed off speed leaving insufficient for a full flare stand up landing. The skis also allowed a complete novice (see attached photos) to master the landing without too much drama. 
    ~Tony Prentice 
    [Note expressed on 8Jan2012 concerning the 1970s explorations.]
    In this Safe-Splat project at US Hawks, someone may consider advancing a deployable version of what is seen. 

    :wave: All experimentation invites the highest of safety practices. 
    No warranty of function or safety is implied in any note in this project. :wave:
      Launching-by-tether matters:

     Filed November 3, 1961.    Click for full patent.

      Post related patents and discuss claims, etc. per patent or patent application:
      What fine wings you are flying, Frank Colver !

    kewl .....  

    Lilienthal Normalsegelapparat Wasserkuppe

    REFERENCES at article found here.
    Ashford P. 1990. Stabilising paravane experiments. Low Drag Craft .AYRS Publication No. 107.

    Ashford P. 1994. Seadogs for monohulls. Ultimate Sailing: The Hapa Revisited . AYRS Publication No. 114.

    Beringer W. 1996. Parawings . Verlag fu Èr Technik und Handwerk.

    Biegler R. 2001. Taking a `seadog' for a walk. AYRS Catalyst 1, 24±25.Bradfield W.S. 1979. High speed sailing vehicles. Speed Sailing . AYRS Publication No. 93.

    Bruce E. and Morss H. 1965/1970/1976. Opinions about Hydrofoils .AYRS Publications Nos 51, 74 and 82.

    Burgess C.P. 1939/1995. Sailing airships at sea. Reprinted in Ultimate Sailing III. AYRS Publication No. 118.

    Costes D. 1994/1996. Windsailing for airships and gliders: using the `Seadog'. Ultimate Sailing IV. AYRS Publication No. 122.

    Costes D. 1995. A description of some seadog inventions. Ultimate Sailing III . AYRS Publication No. 118.

    Glencross R. 1993. Sailing craft Hagedoorn. AYRS Projects . AYRS Publication No. 112.

    Glencross R. 1996. Kites and Hapas at Speedweek 1996. Ultimate Sailing IV. AYRS Publication No. 112.

    Hagedoorn J.G. 1971/1994. Ultimate Sailing: Introducing the Hapa/Ultimate Sailing: The Hapa Revisited. AYRS PublicationNo. 114.

    Hagedoorn J.G. 1975. Ultimate sailing. Scientific American , March (page numbers unavailable).

    Hanschke T. 1976. Segeln auf Gletschern. Alpinismus 12.

    Kitson T. 1994. The experimental craft at Weymouth 1992±4. Speed Sailing and Speed Weeks 1992±4. AYRS Publication No. 115.

    Morwood J. 1961. An inflatable kite. Aerodynamics I . AYRS Publication No. 37.

    Pocock G. 1827/1851. The Aeropleustic Art. Facsimile reprint, 1 Jan1969, by Edward L. Stearn, San Francisco, CA.

    Quinton B. 2001. Winds of change: a rally for innovative watercraft. AYRS Catalyst 1, 5.

    Roeseler C. 1997. A field study of kite-powered hydrofoil theory. Transport Sailcraft. AYRS Publication No. 124.

    Roeseler W. and Funston N. 1979. The Sea Nymph and the ancient Egyptian Yacht. The Ancient Interface Sailing Symposium1979 , Pomona, CA. AIAA.

    Schmidt T. 1984. Unusual sailing systems for kites. The Naval Architect E, 75±76.

    Schmidt T. 1985/1995. Hapa development 1980±1985. Reprinted in Ultimate Sailing III. AYRS Publication No. 118.

    Schmidt T. 1991. A short history of Hapas. Foils and Hapas. AYRS Publication No. 108.

    Schmidt T. 1994/1996. Hagedoorn, Glencross and the Hapa. Ultimate Sailing IV. AYRS Publication No. 122.

    We at LIFT add the following in similar interest and topic:

    • "Sailoons and Fliptackers" by  Bernard Smith.  
    • v
    • v
    • v
    • v
    • v
    • v

    Adventure to space?
    Is there something in this project for hang gliding?

      Will any AWES tap lee-shear?  See: Spencer's World Record 468mph Kinetic100DP flight video!!!
      Electricity in hang gliding?        Slants are invited.
    • From batteries: operate flight-assisting instruments.
    • Launch winch driven by electricity.
    • Auxiliary motor for launch from flatland, e.g.  Electric PPG by Airfer – Paramotor electrico Airfer fabricado en España
    • Charge batteries via RATs when deciding to invest altitude for the charging benefit.
    • Charge batteries via wing-surface solar-energy-conversion devices.
    • Sources of static electricity?
    • Pilot muscle energy charging batteries.
    • Sail solar-energy patch charges onboard video camera batteries
    • ?


      Discuss busable reefable spars at US Hawks.
      Lift in water arrives by buoyancy and thrust from lifting devices.  
    Tony Prentice recalls Aqueon: http://www.innerspacethrusters.com/Aqueon.htm                        Thanks, Tony!
      Paragliders have a way to be caught.   Look to Roy Haggard's presentation HERE.  Open discussion.


    A Day in the Life of Professional Hang Glider Pilot Steve Stackable  
    by John Heiney

      Dancing with the Antichrist
    John Heiney launching from the Anticline Overlook and scratching back up to 800 over for a top landing one day after Craig Pirazzi made the first ever launch from the Anticline on July 31, 2011.

    Skynch - The electric paraglider winch

    Then, consider charging those batteries using kite-energy tactics and/or solar-energy means and/or pilot-muscle vibrations.

    Smart parachutes, computer-guided parachutes, manned or unmanned smart parachutes, 
    ParaFinder and ParaLander
    These developing gliding kites no doubt have tech of interest to the AWES arena. Sensors, position sensing, mechanical servos, control code, etc. 
    Attending to the parachute world are three books by Dan Poynter: 
      Tradition of wing running on flatland continues!        First test with wings!    
    ==This video http://www.humanbirdwings.net/about/first-test-with-wings/  has been put up by Jarno of his first flight attempts. Some suggestion that the image has been done by computer generated graphics. The quality of the video does seem to diminish during the "flight" sequence. With all the effort shown on the site having just one camera poorly sited to cover the flight would seem rather remiss of his team. Also panning down to the ground at the beginning and end also seems strange. A lot of effort if it is a just a stunt?       Tony

    ==Fun. Part of a loooooonnnnng tradition!     Wing running!  (WR)

    1. Flapper branch
    2. Glider-only branch
    __2a. Hang glider running practice
    __2b. Serious high -performance wing with intent to glide over a flat field for distance. 
    3. No-intent to fly play-wing running with any size of wing. 
    4. WR with Safe Splatsystems

    ===Machine-translated-many-errors possible:

    Translated from Russian 
     "Ornithopter or MAHOLET built in Canada
    Reply by  Russian observer   - Yesterday at 20:01:38 I think that Jarno has chosen a very good concept. While this video does not appear, some of the advantages such an approach are obvious. Previously, it seemed that the main advantage of its design in the management, ease of manufacture with an eccentric drive (well, light weight, thanks to an electric model aircraft engine), and ease of repetition. Like, on the basis of this concept will be able to repeat the followers of other apparatus, but with more powerful engines, enhanced design, etc., that sooner or later lead to the flying pattern. Moreover, the shape (elongation, area, construction of the wings), it could be a machine, quite unlike the wings of Jarno.

    But now, after watching the movie, in my view, priorities are shifting. In the foreground is felicity drive. Due to the large elongation and very low amplitude swings, it came out that the carbon fiber spar ending work effectively in an elastic mode (see video). This potentially eliminates the problem of compensation of inertia. A setting of the control software engines with appropriate time delays, we can use this effect and significantly reduced power consumption. Now there certainly drives spinning at a constant power, so when the wing is stalled in the extreme positions, the currents increase and bask in vain engines. But at this point can be engines "off", wait at the expense of the elastic wing spar will be an extreme point, and will return in the opposite direction, and then "turn on" at full capacity for the power mach. And as all this can be done programmatically, but I see no problems in implementation. In the hard drive is a mechanical crank so it would be difficult to focus. And then return the graph cursors current consumption (typically the work of model aircraft engines is being watched by the current, it is their full-time function), by which we can determine in what points need to reduce power.
    Another advantage become apparent when tested turned out that due to the large elongation and elastic rails, real strides amplituha was more than a mechanical drive issue in itself. And it was at the end of the wing. Thus, the wings in a similar geometry to lengthen and the amplitude of the swings in fact working as motor glider, only instead of the engine with the propeller thrust is creating end portions of the wings. So on the whole flight should be on the dynamics is similar to a hang glider with motopodveskoy, which is quite acceptable. Center section is created in the main load-bearing function. And because of that up too mahah creates a positive thrust (or negative buoyancy), the center of mass of the apparatus should not be very jerky vertically. This mode is actually reduced to Mach vibration end parts, which so far comes from a long wing to the pilot, may come to naught. Unlike the bird maholetov that make max power only down and up passive, there is a fluctuation of the pilot will be more difficult ... (Although there also has its advantages).

    Therefore, the chances of a good and practical flying machine in such a very, very great, IMHO. And we can expect a whole class maholetov just such a plan. In a sense, similar in geometry and mode swings. First to fly in calm weather, well, then to the extent of use of statistics and tests, who knows, maybe in termichku. Then the possibility of self-launching motor and flight between thermals and the thermals themselves in planning with fixed wings, would be an ideal application for this maholeta. Given the electrical nature of engines with a small reserve, but easy-to-home storage, low noise, etc. This is certainly the dream of many people on free hovering flight, without reference to the winches and other airfield infrastructure.

    The quality and quantity waver surface aerodynamic forces - these are trifles. The former can improve the frequency of the ribs, with Jarno they are very rare. A second increase engine power, is now available for sale almost four times the power supply (2 * 7 kW = 14 kW instead of the present author used 2 * 2 = 4 kW kW). Weight is not particularly increased and will remain within acceptable limits for the knapsack. The key point - this is a great extension, low amplitude and high frequency of strides strides (or with great force by powerful engines.) And more likely to control dazhkammi eventually reduced to the joystick, which will simply increase or decrease the engine speed as the throttle on the paramotor. And, perhaps, change the frequency differential of the left and right engine to turn. But while the test manual control mahami is what you need. END OF MACHINE TRANSLATION FROM RUSSIAN COMMENT."



    Flying Flea  site update    ..  Pou de Ciel 
    Henri Mignet

    with neat significant comprehensive PDF collection of Pou Review.

    Notice the echo of Montgomery tandem, of early split wing, etc.    ... fun party!



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