Rogallo ... has moved to Last Thermal:
Fleep engineers and technicians
Charles Richards -strongly exampled for the world
the foldable four-boom kite-glider with Dacron sail battened and
scalloped, aluminum booms, sharp-nosed--one of the foundation
wings for the
"Standard Rogallo hang glider", though he did not have a kingpost on his various
hang gliders in the Paresev program.
Unknown vitality status. Reports
Note: In those few years
the word "paraglider" was used in a very different way from that
word's use in 2000s. In 1960-62, the wing we know that was used in the standard
Rogallo hang glider was then called a "paraglider." In later years
"paraglider" was beginning to be used for the governable limp hang glider
types that we today see as the PG type hang glider. Also, care can be given to respect how the word "parawing" was used
for the fully limp Rogallo wing before its stiffening. When the Rogallo
wing was stiffened to the Fleep and Paresev four-boom
one-to-several-lobe style that became the
wing group holding as one of its members the two-lobe (conical or
cylindrical) wing for the standard Rogallo wings, the term in 1960-62 circa
was "paraglider". The probable evolution of the term came from mixing
"parawing" with "paraglider" for the eventual limp paragliders for
paragliding. The wings ang kite-hang gliders made by and under Charles Richards and team thus were
called paragliders, but today would be called simply kite-gliders or
kite-hang gliders or just gliders, as they were kited-up and released hang gliders. The eight
pilots of the kite-hang glider made by the team of Charles Richards are to
David Barish Tethered the essence
of William M. Allison's disconnected two-boom sailwing airfoil and
Rogallo's limp parawing for slope-air-sledding hang gliding to help
birth recreational self-inflated single-surface airfoil hang gliding
that became known as "paragliding" (which became a stark change of the
use of the term from the NASA stiffened Rogallo wing 1960-ish
"paraglider." It takes careful timeline study to distinguish the term's
usage change. The activity expanded immensely when the Jalbert
double-surface ram-air airfoil became dominant.
|"NASA, then known as NACA, took notice of Rogallo’s
invention in 1957 after Russia
launched the Sputnik satellite. Suddenly, the flexible wing had
potential as a possible
reentry tool for America’s rockets. NASA began conducting
experiments with the
gliders, the results of which were published in technical journals
such as Popular
Mechanics. One of these reports attracted the attention of engineer
Purcell studied engineering at North Carolina State University. In
1961 Purcell, using
photographs of Rogallo’s design from a magazine article, constructed
3 ©2005 North Carolina Museum of History
Office of Archives and History, N.C. Department of Cultural
glider with an aluminum frame that he tested by towing it behind an
automobile at the
Raleigh-Durham Airport. Purcell called Rogallo one day, and the two
engineers agreed to
When Purcell arrived at NASA, he was surprised to find himself
surrounded by engineers
who were asking numerous questions about his FlightSail glider.
Purcell had figured out
how to do something that NASA had not—achieve stability in a towed
continued to work on his glider. He replaced the wheels with floats
for towing it behind a
speedboat. He flew the pontoon glider for the first time at Lake
Waccamaw on July 26,
1962. It worked so well that he never went back to land-based
liftoffs again. This was the
first water-based use of the Rogallo wing."
Flight of the Imagination.
Barry Hill Palmer--inspired by Fleep-- built and
foot-launched more than 7 versions of hang gliders and then went on to
power the Rogallo wing. All mechanicals of the standard Rogallo hang
glider resided in Palmer's demonstrations, as same in the
Bikle-NASA-Charles Richards-mechanical demonstrations; actually, the
mechanicals were present in at least 1908 in the territory of Breslau.
|Note the reference to hang
gliding and Rogallo: The first hang glider seen in the You Tube video is one
of my flights.
(Ref: Flexible Wing
This film was sent to
Rogallo by myself, I do not know when, probably 1962.
Barry Palmer, for
Bat-Glider plans. Soaring pilot photographer George Uveges was close
working friends to Richard
Miller at Dockweiler Beach and took photographs that were used later on the
Bat-Glider plans. Richard Miller encouraged Jim Foreman to make,
print, and sell the Bat-Glider plans. Thousands of copies of the
Rogallo-wing with strutted triangle control-bar--all-bamboo framed hang glider--were sold. An enthusiastic
teen Taras Kiceniuk, Jr. pasted over the
title block of the Bat-Glider plans and sold some copies. At some point
a copy of such copyright intrusion was brought to Foreman's attention. A
cease order was extended formally; an agreement was met; and the
secondary distribution method stopped. Taras built his own
bamboo glider Batso with some friends and made some drawings of his own;
and then Taras sold some copies of his Batso plans, some modification in
the truss arrangement from the Foreman Bat-Glider. The
strong large-sheet lithographed plans of the Bat-Glider
forwarded by Jim Foreman into the world scene--spawned from the
Fleep-Palmer-Miller strand of influence--did play a
strong role in forming a
hang glider movement in the world and in Southern California; that
movement grew in many ways.
Jim Foreman had visited the SSA office when Richard Miller
was acting editor of Soaring magazine; Jim was actually searching
for plans of primary gliders. Richard indicated that many more plans for
a hang glider could be sold in comparison to plans for a primary glider;
Jim relates: "He opened a desk drawer and tossed a small stack of
Xeroxed plans for a Rogallo wing along with the proof sheet of Uveges
photos." Richard pulled out from his desk some photostat papers
and a proof sheet images of Uveges photos depicting the flights by
Miller and Miller's friends at Dockweiler Beach on a hang glider Miller
had made. Miller instructed Foreman that there would be no
opportunity to advertise or even to write about hang gliders in
Soaring magazine; further, the deal was that Miller's name was not
to be mentioned in the promotion; Miller had just gotten off the phone
with heavies in SSA who pressed that hang gliders were not to be in
Soaring magazine. So, Jim Foreman took the papers and proof sheet;
and then he formed the Bat-Glider plans, purchased lithographic
printing and began selling the plans through other avenues. The date of
Jim's arrival at the SSA office is not known yet, but tracing Miller's
editorship term would be part of this determination. [This note was sent
HangGliderHistory.com for its Timeline. Dates
are being researched.]
Special insight to Jim Foreman.
Mike Burns He introduced to Australia
the NASA based Rogallo wing along the ornament and mechanic style of the
wing of Charles Richards appended by a tweaked triangle control frame
mechanically instructed by George Spratt and well-fulfilled in 1908, at
least, by a gliding club member in the territory of Breslau. He
published that his craft was a kited glider. Ski Plane.
John Dickenson (JD)
Gyro user, builder, social key, manufacturer of NASA-based
Rogallo-inspired kites, water ski-kiter.
His raw story is interesting, important, and significant.
[Ed.: An unfortunate set of interpretive untenable overclaims by his permitted No.1 fan GH is attempting to form a new
center-of-the-hang-glider-universe interpretive story. Enjoy JD's raw facts, but put up
antenna for any and all interpretive statements
that are being plastered in nearly every corner of the aviation world by
his fan. Our 50 years of study in the field concludes that JD had zero
global mechanical invention in his kite-glider, not in detail and not in
the whole integrity of the device. What he did build might have been new
for himself mechanically...and therein is a delightful story; and his
ornamental appearance results were certainly his own, but such does not
make for global mechanical invention.. Unfolded reasoning is spread in several
places on the Internet. Simply, in whole and in part, in mechanical
function, control system, wing mechanics, flight mechanics, etc., were
fulfilled by others prior to his local makings. Cheers to JD for
his exampling homebuilding a ski-kite-glider in his locality; and much
cheers for his kiting and socializing ski-aqua-kiting in his
neighborhood. [GH Graeme Henderson,
fine HG pilot, JD
promoter, New Zealander living in Australia, controversial
interpretations ever centralizing JD.] The "invention"
is now an infamy tag for JD, unfortunately; he has yet to fess up about
accurate history. Discuss in various forums. JpF]
Bill Moyes Water ski kiter did a
non-kited land-ski launch into free flight of boned-Rogallo-wing hang glider.
He developed proning harness allowing change of position of the pilot.
His showmanship and business sense strongly affected the popular
appetite for easier-than-homebuilding entry to hang glider flying.
Steve Moyes Pilot
Dave Kilbourne He starkly demonstrated
foot-launching from hills with a NASA-based hang glider; he used the
Breslau-Spratt-Palmer-Burns-Dickenson-Bennett-Moyes triangle control
frame. He stamped his plans with NASA credit. His Kilbo-kite
plans were the most broadcasted Rogallo-winged plans; S-SA sent it to 23
nations. He employed the control mechanics gifted to hang gliding by at
least 1908 as well as the combined thrust of Rogallo, Ryan
Aeronautical Corporation, NASA, Charles Richards, Fleep, Ski Plane, Mike
Burns, John Dickenson, and Bill Bennett. Dave Kilbourne barefoot
launched from Mission Hills in northern California. He introduced
Donnita Holland to hang gliding; she has remained a leading hang
glider pilot; she greeted hundreds of pioneers at the first big showing
Pioneering female hang glider
leader. "The most dangerous part of hang gliding is
the male ego" - Donnita Holland Kilbourne
Bill Liscomb Was ever creatively present with
his own-built hang gliders; his social flight manner attracted
his mother's photography to hang gliding; he himself spawned the
Sky historical movie that confirms a modern renaissance in hang gliding
and ushers in sparks for a refreshed 2008 new era in hang gliding.
Lloyd Licher USHPA/USHGA/SCHGA:
this organization evolute is a direct result of Lloyd’s specific
direction and oversight. His administrative and legal wisdom in writing
the original articles of incorporation retained great freedom to
individual pilots, and allowed
hang gliding the means to be free of direct control of the US federal
government. Neil believes that "Lloyd is responsible for creating the
first and only “self-regulating” national and international (flight)
organization." However, Self-Soar Association (S-SA) preceded
Lloyd's action, but teased Lloyd into action to form something more
palatable and organizationally successful. Lloyd was experienced with
the structure of his employer Soaring Society of America (SSA).
Historian Neil Larson has it: "The credit due him for this monumental
and utterly impossible task has been overlooked by the entire flying
community." More could be done by the current USHPA to recognize Lloyd
M. Licher’s contribution to modern Hang Gliding.
Taras Kiceniuk, Jr.
Icarus series. Dynamic soaring. Regenerative charging. Designer. Batso
(modified Bat-Glider (Jim Foreman), modified Bamboo Butterfly (Richard
Miller). Icarus I, II tail-less biplane. Icarus V
tail-less monoplane). Fun
history on Icarus V.
Team builder, HG pilot, Batso team member. PhotoFly pilot. He was a
founding Otto member. Honored as: hosopter is a
hominid who flies up. pterman is a
birdman. Icaroid helper (one who has the spirit of Icarus
as a flight-team member).
Dave Cronk Designer, pilot, inventor, HG
Dan Poynter Parachute and hang
glider publisher, self-publishing guru worldwide, Author. Speaker.
Historian. The Parachute Manual by
Dan Poynter. BooK: Hang
Gliding. Aerodynamic decelerators ....the guy that knows
about the integration of members of the meta-class "hang gliders."
Tommy Thompson He is active in the USHawks
HG renaissance pioneer. Leader.
...classic famous video, award winner.
Dead Man's Curve for PG. PDMC.
Roy Haggard Innovative designer
...Richard Boone Designer. Dawn
and others. Bill Bennett. Also, independent. Progressive Aircraft.
Strut-stayed TCF. Innovator. Dawn Comp.
Michael A. Markowski Leader, author,
publisher, HG builder, aeronautical engineer, EAA Hall of Fame inductee.
About. Skysurfer. Eastern branch of
Self-Soar Association. Obtain great reprint of James Means trilogy.
Hang Gliders Bible. Manufacturer. EAA Hall of Fame.
manufacturer. Founder and owner of Seedwings trademark
|Hang Glider Weekly
was publisher of some key facts on the innovative company
with founder, designer, inventor
Bob Trampenau. We have strong reason to look to roots of VG
--variable geometry-- in Seedwings. The company's Sensor's fiberglass curved wing
tips and the enclosed cross bar were invented by Trampenau and
first flown in 1976 and shown in Hang Glider Weekly. He
further invented wire braced washout struts in 1978 now used on all
topless hang gliders and the wrap-around Mylar leading edge pocket in
1979 all before the UP Comet. Trampenau continued inventing; and
he first HGMA certified the curved wing tip, enclosed cross bar,
and an all-wire trailing edge reflex bridle stability system and
wire-braced washout struts and wire-reflex bridles are the two most
important stability safety features on today's hang gliders. Another
safety-and performance-feature that is significant are the flaps on a hang
glider. Seedwings owner Bob Trampenau invented the current flap system in
1992, and as yet no one has copied it. The Seedwings
trademark is internationally operated out of the headquarters in California.
Longbow hang glider, Pilcher project, pedal-assisted HG, leader, harness
designer, William Brooks, Ph.D. in aeronautical design, Pegasus
Aviation, technical officer in microlights BMAA,
Mike Harker Pioneering pilot
Hang glider pilot, adventurer. Balloonist, he was a crewman on the
Double Eagle II, which was the first balloon to cross the Atlantic
ocean, later he made the first balloon crossing of the Pacific ocean as
crew member on the Double Eagle V.
Pete Brock aka: Peter Brock, HG pilot, HG manufacturer, part designer,
HG business owner: UP or Ultralite Products,
presented Rogallo with a Rogallo, 1982 USHGA Presidential
Citation. Son HG pilot Hall Brock.
He came to a HG reunion in 2008 of the Big Blue Sky.
1975 Escape Country
Man-powered across the English Channel. And much more.
Starbuck (image is off
2007 photo ...since 1973...
Davis Straub Competition athlete, nomadic publisher,
competition critic, OZ Report.
GH Graeme Henderson, HG pilot, JD
promoter, New Zealander living in Australia, controversial
interpretations ever centralizing JD.D
Tony Prentice Designer
in 1960s forward, pilot, historian,
builder, researcher, leader,
[ Hon.Mem..HGAusa #004 ], author, innovator, test pilot, vintage research
collaborator, Pilcher research, Stephan Nitsch researcher,
Brett Snellgrove Analyst, pilot, builder,
historian, inventor, designer, observer, researcher, multi-discipline
Jon Durand Jnr
Author, commercial leader, pilot, designer, test pilot,
Author, publisher, group leader, bridge to electric assist, instructor,
* aka. NMErider. *
NMERider's Channel. *Gliders
In return, he reached H-4 within one year. He has been super-additive
with his super video coverage of his flights and experiences.
Meta-instructor, leader, pilot, stunt pilot actor, site savior,
exemplary HG business owner, +
Dennis Pagen Author, meta-instructor, leader.
Peter Lissaman Aerodynamicist, engineer,
AeroVironment, Inc., consultant,, bee flight,
Larry Mauro Leading manufacturer, innovator,
Easy Riser, Solar Riser.
John K. Moody
Photographer, soaring pilot, HG renaissance photographer, bridge
Photographer, author, pilot
Bill "Willy" Armstrong aka:
Bill Armstrong aka: Willy Armstrong
1970s HG pilot; continental USA endurance record flight over 11 hr.
Returns to join Torrey Hawks in San Diego, CA.
July 11, 2010: Landed in Black's Beach, took dip in ocean; BobK, Darrell
vario of 1989-1992; 10 of one, 150 of another). Loan a DVD that was
an audio song set; he intended a 16 lesson pilot-training DVD.
Bill has all his logbooks and membership cards; some 83 hang gliders
Steve Stackable, repair at Torrey Pines: " Wing
Doctor" July 10, 2010, motorcycle- related knee
Author, test pilot, research pilot, Air Force test pilot, NASA test
pilot, early renaissance hang glider pilot,
Pilot extraordinaire, early manufacturer, designer, leader, site finder,
dynamic soaring, bridge wide gliding world,
Author, pilot, observer, +
Mark Vaughn Multi-faceted pilot, HG photographer,
communicator, dreamer, commentator, author, private pilot since 1978,
HG in 1987 gladly ... He wants us to know VNE.
... giving so very many a great Lift in life..
Pioneer, leader, extensive service
Skillful support A+
Part of his history.
Charles J. Slusarczyk.
glider with reduction drive:
Chuck's Glider Supplies became known as CGS Aviation, CGS Hawk,
CGS Hawk --BIG BOY. Manufacturer. Warmed hang
gliding with family aviation ...
Inventor, patent holder. Leader. Pilot.
HG renaissance pioneer. Ultralight legend. EAA Hall of Fame.
Early Otto Member.
EAA Hall of Fame - 1999
Designer Chuck Slusarczyk was honored by being chosen one of the first
three inductees into the EAA Ultralight Hall of Fame in its inaugural
Richard Cobb aka:
REC aka: Wind Drifter.
Profound multifaceted leader growing hang gliding ...
USHGA#024 and official first official HG organization historian.
of the Newport Beach Otto Hill at Harbor View Nature Park. Early
instructor, pilot, leader, encourager, artist.
W. de Russy Advanced Instructor PG/HG,
collector guy", Hang Gliding Museum. Pilot. First member
of Channel Islands Hang Gliding Association CIHGA. See
some of his cards.
Card of 1972-1973 set: Ken de Russy .... Otto member
And see special story:
of the Living-Legend Lifters ... bi-wingual Collector Guy
aka: Eddie Paul Whitney
Builder, designer, manufacturer, show-set rapid builder, problem-solver,
inventor, replica builder, custom manufacturing, author, EPI Industries,
Active leader, collaborator, innovator, "Werner Eck
We invite an
associate editorship to cover the doings of Werner Eck, Toni Roth, Casaba
Lemak, and others in the assistive launch e-lift systems
Involved in electric assist of PG hang gliders.
Recent nominations that we have
Santacroce - The Best All-Around Pilot in the US
Tom Truax -
California Cross Country State Record Holder, aka, the Sundowner
Will Gadd -
World distance record holder and para-motored across America
Mad Mike Kung
- Aerobatics Pilot who flew across the English Channel
Lawrence - Red Bull Sponsored Aerobatics Pilot
SAT Team -
Paragliding Aerobatics Gods, inventors of the SAT Maneuver
Red Bull Air
Force - Athletes pushing the extremes
Kari Castle -
Best female pilot in the US, both hang gliding and paragliding
Mitch McAleer -
Incredible Hang Glider and Paraglider pilot who had the hang gliding
looping world record.
Claire Bernier & Zeb Roche - French couple who has paraglided off
the 7 highest summits of each continent including Everest
Alternate Internet spelling: Beardsley. Thousands
upon thousands of tandems since 1974.
http://tinyurl.com/DavidBeardslee888LIFT May run
for Region 3 director in 2009.
Dad of Glenn Phillips
Dave Chapman test pilot for
Glenn Hammond Curtiss
Carl Rickard Nyberg
Augustus Moore Herring
Dr Wilhelm Kress
Exemplary student, author, flight analyst,
correspondent, experimental pilot,
test pilot, technical hang glider author,
2002 FAI note
Joanne Faust Piloted:
Seagull II and the first Lovejoy Quicksilver. Witnessed Newport Beach
trash-kite construction and flight that announced a kite movement that
spawned the birth of S-SA, L&S, KITESA, USHGA, HGW, HGAusa, and more.
Just inland of the early 60s point was the later 1971 Otto Meet that
cinched the flowering of the renaissance of hang gliding in the world.
Synergistic bolt founder of hang gliding publishing.
Carol Velderrain Dedicated
make-a-difference unsung heroine of early USHGA.
Karlis Skaubitis - c.1903.
Built a quadraplane glider
The First Student Society for Aeronautics
and Flight Technology - 1909
biplane hang glider which they flew frequently in the vicinity of
(Claudius) Honoré Desiré Dornier . aka:
Claude Dornier. Claudius Dornier.
Towing gliders with some of his aircraft. Propellers. Metal.
James Ricketts c1896. Chanute team? Did he
Don Mitchell, Jim Maupin, Molt Taylor, Witold Kasper,
records J. C. Brown flew with him. Home: 2005
Denver, Colorado. Wife: Claudia. Daughter: Ariann
(figure skating). Larry was doing some speed skating.
Larry is well covered in Davis Straub's book
John has done more for the SHGA,
over more years, than virtually anyone else. He planted their trees,
was president for several years, and he is still is actively involved.
Gerry Grossnegger -
is a hang-bum who does all sorts of computer
consulting when he's on the ground. He's been flying since about
'87. He is an Advanced-rated pilot in both Canada and the U.S.A.
with all the special skill signoffs, as well as Instructor,
Tandem, and Ultralight. Author of the Hang Gliding / Paragliding
Association of Canada's
Manual. Scare has been lifting hang gliding news at
a very strong level at the Oz Report.
Early leader, author. He is thinking of nano trike these days.
Early pioneer. Child builder. Great Salt Lake
Sails in Kaysville, UT
Frederick William Bickford
Competition pilot. XC. Photographer.
Kuczewski Pilot four ways ...
Leader. Region 3 director: 2009. Torrey Hawks
founder. Member: Torrey Hawks, SDHGPA, Sylmar HGA,
Crestline Soaring Society,
Soboba Soaring Society, E-Team,
USHPA, HGAusa #23,
... and several others that I don't remember.
BobK. Bob K. Founding synergizer of the branching
chapter structure of HGAusa on June 13, 2009.
Rob and Dianne McKenzie
Dave Saffold ?
and I made the first local tandem flight, down the Elings Main Hill in
Santa Barbara Summer 1974
Werner Johannessen, the grand “old” man of hang gliding in
January 10, 2009, Al surfaces and will be giving some notes.
Al Waddill is vice president for sales at Groen Brothers
Aviation... a company you might know as a top-notch developer of
gyroplanes. But Groen Brothers is known around the Pentagon for
something else... developing the
next generation of
military rotorcraft. Al recently spoke with ANN's Jim
Campbell about what Groen calls a rotodyne.
Page 23, bio mentions hang gliding.
"Al W. Waddill, Vice President of Sales
Groen Brothers Aviation
Waddill has a strong background in sales, having spent his entire
career in sales or sales management. This, combined with a
lifelong interest in aviation, makes Mr. Waddill perfectly suited
for the position of GBA Vice President of Sales.
A licensed pilot since his seventeenth birthday, he was an active
member of the United States Hang Gliding Association (USHGA)
during its first ten years. He opened and operated
two USHGA flight parks,
taught hang gliding and
organized national flying competitions. For six years, Mr.
Waddill published the premier magazine for the cellular telephone
industry and sponsored national conferences annually. He was
responsible for the national sales effort for the magazine's
advertisers and distribution, as well as the conference sponsors
and attendees. Mr. Waddill earned a Bachelor of Science degree in
Physics from the University of Houston. He is a licensed
stockbroker, formerly with Dean Witter. "
To find poetry, have some with you.
hosopter is a hominid who flies up
pterman is a birdman
James Trujillo "J.T."
The FLOCKER Rocky Mountain Hang Gliding & Paragliding Association
Fellow Feathers of Denver
1973 NASSA North American Sky Sailing Association
Division: HANG GLIDING
Pilot Rating: ADVANCED By: SCOTT WESTFALL Date: 12/16/1991
Appointments: ADV INST,PL ADMIN,TAND INST,TUG PILOT
Ratings and Special Skills: AT FL LGO PL TAT TFL TST PA CL
FSL RLF TUR X-C
Pilot Rating: INTERMEDIATE By: ROSS ROBINSON Date: 8/1/2004
Ratings and Special Skills:
FSL HA RLF RS TUR X-C