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George Pocock    (1774–1843) English schoolteacher 
Recipient of  Flex-Wing Hang Glider Gold Air Award by World Hang Gliding Association.

  • [ ]  Patent 5420 in England  [Still looking for the actual full patent. ]
  • [ ] http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/James_Viney
  • http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/George_Pocock
  • [ ] What part did James Viney play?
  • Man-lifter. Kite traction pioneer. Father of transport by kites. Kite-buggy pioneer. Pioneer kite runner. Flying carriage. Felt like a "king.  "Esq. of Bristol"    "Gent. of Bristol"
  • "In the early 1800s George Pocock was a Methodist preacher, school master, and father of 11 children living in Bristol."
  • Museum of Bristol has one of his kites.
  • Lifted his daughter by kite and in another session his son.   He had eleven children.
  •   On our present page we show some clips of abridgments.  We have yet to find and provide the key patent #5420 in Great Britain.
  • Perhaps author of the first book on airborne wind energy or kite energy. He used the energy of AWES to pull vehicles.
  • George Pocock may have written the first book on airborne wind energy; his textbook on converting the energy of the wind to do special work is a classic.  1827 George Pocock's book ‘The Aeropleustic Art’ or 'Navigation in the Air by the Use of Kites or Buoyant Sails' was published. The book was republished again several times. The Charvolant or Kite Carriage was described. Importantly Pocock described use of kites for land and sea travel.
  • Full book online:  HERE.    Title full:
    A TREATISE on The Aeropleustic Art, or Navigation in the Air, by means of Kites, or Buoyant Sails: with a description of the Charvolant, or Kite Carriage, and containing numerous most amusing and interesting anecdotes connected with several extraordinary excursions both by sea and land.

  • George Pocock effectively controlled stiffened flexible wings to carry and drive loads. His forwarding of such stiffened flexible wings into society and practical applications resulted in a leadership of the top level.
  • wiki     "he lifted his son to the top of a cliff outside Bristol; his son briefly dismounted from the chair at the top of the 200-foot (60 m) cliff and then concluded the test by releasing a clip on the kite line which allowed him to slide down the line in the chair and return to earth."
  • wife?
  • Home address?
  • http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/George_Pocock     Study.[ ]
  • http://blog.mikerendell.com/?p=4031
    • "George had always been fascinated by kites. He wrote how as “a little tiny boy, I learnt that my paper kite would draw along a stone on the ground, tied to the end of its string.” Years later he strapped his daughter Martha into an arm chair, attached it to a pair of kites, and flew her 300 feet into the air. She subsequently recovered and went on to become the mother of England’s most famous cricketer – W G Grace."
  • http://hanhamhistory.blogspot.com/2013/03/the-charvolant.html
    • Maybe his son was the first inventor? "A few years before, he had watched his son being pulled over the Downs on a wheeled plank to which he had attached his kite."
    • Who were his family and friends who apparently also got involved: "Very soon George Pocock's family and friends became adept at handling the flying carriage"  ?
    • "The inventor made a series of adaptions [[sic, adaptations]] to his kites, with the idea in mind that kite power could work on waterways as well as land. He went to Liverpool and made an experiment to show that kites could be used for drawing a ferryboat across the Mersey. The success of this experiment was recorded in the Liverpool Mercury."
    • v
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Images related to George Pocock
Patent study. Patent kite of 1826. England.   Patent enrolled October 1826.   Colonel James Viney and gentleman George Pocock of Bristol.      "Lieutenant- Colonel James Viney" has been found.

In one notice, Pocock is neglected in the mention: of "NEW PATENTS SEALDED."     I do not know what the "six months" meant in that list. Anyone?

CARRIAGES AND SHIPS. --To Colonel James Viney, of Shanklin, Isle of Wight, for improvement in the construction of carriage, and the application of a power hitherto unused for that purpose to draw the same, which power is also applicable to the drawing of ships and other vessels, and for raising weights, &c.--October 18th. Six months.


October 18, 1826

James Viney, Colonel in the Royal Artillery, of Shanklin, in the Isle of Wight, and George Pock, Gent. of Bristol, for improvement in the construction of cars or other carriages, and the application of a power, hitherto unused for that purpose, to draw the same, which power is also applicable to the drawing of ships and other vessels, and for raising weights, and for other useful purposes. Dated October 18, 1826


Seems James Viney, Royal Engineers, was very much into cars. In 1829 following his kite-based Charvolant inventorship with George Pocock, James Viney patented a boiler intended for steam carriages.  Ref: The History of the Automobile and Its Inventors   By Lymann Week    That author mentions the kite carriage, but seems to give all credit to Pocock; so, just what was the play of Viney that he would be co-listed for the Charvolant patent?

WORKING. There are many unknowns and possible confusion with other persons. This cell of data is a working space. The persons linked might not have anything substantial to do with our kite man.
Gliding:  "there is no jolting, for the weight is partly supported by the kites and the car thus glides over the small hollows, into which other carriages sink."  Several people in the carriage!     Free-flight kite system, if for only a brief flight!
February, 1828:





The Register of Arts, and Journal of Patent Inventions, Volume 1


In that publication, the patent ends at "of nature serviceable to man."




    Maybe some attention could be spend on James Viney. [ ]
The following is the announcement of a granted patent found in

"We have, however, to state that the patentees have been anticipated in both their applicaitons of kites to purposes mentioned, as Mr. Edgeworth, many years ago, published an account of his having been carried in a light phaeton by the draft of four kites; and a friend of ours used to amuse himself on Lough Erne, in the year 1799, with sailing in a small boat by means of a kite, eight feet square, of which latter contrivance we shall endeavour to procure a more particular description for a future number." [[From page 371, ]]


[ ]      Who is Mr. Edgeworth?   Find some reference about him.

[x]       What is a phaeton ? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaeton_(carriage)

[ ]       Other person: amuse himself on Lough Erne in the year 1799.   Who?

Below is a note about Mr. Edgeworth from Philosophical Papers

The Naval Chronicle, Volume 3, MDCCC   

Different book:

Journal of the Franklin Institute, Volume 1; Volume 5 .     Item selected starts on page 251, uses all of page 252, and part of page 253.

following page is now shown:  p. 253

Four control cords are routed through a "dead eye".

kite train for traction
[ ] http://openlibrary.org/search?author_key=OL2094206A&has_fulltext=false

THIS LEAD COMES UP EMPTY         Target: three page patent.

Application of improved kites to the traction of carriages, vessels, etc. [patent] no.5420.

Published 1826 by Eyre and Spottiswoode in London . 
Written in English.

The Physical Object

3p. :

ID Numbers

Open Library



  • http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpsubject/busmanlaw/ip/historicalsearching.html "The Intellectual Property Office is in the process of digitising historical British patents and having them loaded onto the European Patent Office's Espacenet®database, but so far this has been achieved only as far back as 1890"
  • Apparently they have not yet digitized the early patents.   A note says to construct a search number by d""Before 1916 British patent numbers returned to one at the beginning of each year. The number format used for them on Espacenet® is GByyyynnnnn where yyyy is the full four-digit year and nnnnn is the five-digit number. If the number has less than five digits you need to add zeroes at the beginning to make it five digits.      So, GB182605420 might be used when they get the early patents digitized and online.   Try 1827 and 1828 and 1829 just in case some typo or misfiling or something...  GB182605420   GB182705420   GB182805420
  • on carriage to be drawn by kites

History of the Charvolant Or Kite Carriage  By George Pocock, David Cox, Rose Gilber






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