What are some known AWE methods?
(without yet asking about the economies or efficiencies of a method)
Following a lead of
as he confided in Tal Streeter, the world of
(paravanes) is as valid a kite concern as the world of air
kites. Kites "flown" in water depths or air heights --for the purpose of
generating electricity--has drawn the attention of scientists,
technicians, commercial leaders, and recreationists.
What is seemingly
just for air kites has kin analogues in paravane or underwater kite
structures and systems. Underwater paravanes anchored to shores of
rivers, ocean currents, dam releases, tidal flows, etc. are
potential sources of water-kite-based hydroelectricity.
Large categories have been
distinguished: linearAWE and cyclicAWE. And then hybrids.
(not yet comprehensive)
would like to add some possibilities and configurations:
March 22, 2012
==on top of a wind tracking/bending stem able to resist torsion.
(as in Daisy generator)
whipped, on bow ends. (whip and bow gen)
==seaborne generator systems (pulling yachts/catamaran + turbine
(free roaming and tethered to seabed)/bag-squashing)
==airborne between contra-rotating ring generator sets
==mid air slung between high terrain peaks
=multiple spread out generators set out in a ring, band driven as
one big shaft axis. (this arrangement would benefit from tilting
away from wind or actively lengthening upwind tethers)
==water surface boundary layer generators spun by contra-rotating
kite and water kite sets
Solar-energy can be used to maintain temp and therefore gas
pressure inside dark plastic bag structures.
Kites can lift or be controllable solar reflectors
in rotated tethers... :
==Multiple Tethers to linked kites in a set can pull around a ring
(offset at a radius from the axis of kite set rotation)
==Multiple radially linked torsion
sausage balloons are
run around generation axis rails / pulley points.
The aim of both of these systems is transferring torsional energy
through traditionally flimsy materials by increasing rotating
==Spinning rings with kite sets turning a corkscrew pipe to raise
water for hydro electricity.
==Offshore generation used to make hydrogen and oxygen at depth,
stored in bags.
- Generator position
- Generators lofted with electricity stored and/or perhaps used
- Generators lofted with electricity sent to ground via conductors or
beams. What might be conducted could be electricity, chemicals,
light, laser, heated liquids, vibrations, ...
Quick sketch: torsionmultipleblade.jpg
- Generators lofted with energy sent to ground via microwave.
- Generators kept on the ground while mechanical energy of dynamic
kite systems operate generators.
Store kite-obtained energy in various forms only to later use
the energy for work or for generating electricity.
- Generators aloft and on the ground in one system.
- The discussions about groundgen versus flygen seem to be blind to
types of groundgen that do not involve cyclic reeling-in and reeling-out
(and thus not the drum wear on tethers; some even avoid drum-hold of
tether altogether); and some of these are short-stroke and some
long-stroke operations. JoeF
March 23, 2012.
- Kite part surfaces made with double-purposed solar-radiation
converting structures (convert radiation to electricity).
- Areas on earth that have persistent clouds or fog: kytoons flown
above the clouds that are made with solar-converting textiles and thin
solar-cell films may provide an electrical source for practical uses.
- Motion types:
- Kite line motion; motions of the tethers
- Oscillations and cycles
- Airborne piezoelectric conversion with the very line having a
- "hunting turbine" (Dave Santos)
- Lateral rail boating
- Out-and-in cycling, pulsating tension controlled by angle of attack
changes or by porosity changes ...via smart programs or reactionary
- Line in loop driven around itself
- Line in loop with fixed kite point in lateral motion driving loop
through ground generators
- Rotated tethers. Flex-shafts, torsion tubes, torsion sausage
balloons, etc. Tether flex-shaft may be shaped or crusted or saturated
with spiral or props to cause rotation. Skyhooks vary for this family of
AWE: kites, kytoons, LTA balloons, terrain high points. The
lifters might rotate and transfer rotation via tether rotation (as
opposed to transfer by fanBelt or loop). See potentials in Selsam
and SpiralAirfoil for niche AWECS for either gen on ground or gen
lofted, adjustments needed.
- Line torsion, rotating the kite line to transfer energy. An extreme
here is the rotating ribbon kite.
- Crosswinding a tether which tether is a wing itself for full
rotation via the Magnus-effect; drive the tether in circles to keep the
rotation of the tether going in one direction.
- Controlled direction to rotate levers (circles or left-to-right)
- Oscillating shape of kite line to achieve variable line windage for
tugging grounded generator.
- Cable wave energy tapped by linear alternators. Springs aiding in
maintaining resonant frequencies.
- Wind-cable power conversion systems
- Line is made sturdy to transfer direct torsion to ground generator.
Torsion is achieve by propellers. Torsion-sturdied line or rod or tube
or tensegrity tower may be held by lofted
lifter or not.
- Tipping boom with downwind generator axis. Ballasted tipping boom
drawing tips from crosswind oscillating kites or FlipperWings.
- High-sweeping of loop legs. See
U.S. Pat. No. 3,987,987
Filed: Jan. 28, 1975
Oct. 26, 1976 SELF-ERECTING WINDMILL
[Inventors: Peter R.
Payne, Rte. 5 Box 282,
Annapolis, Md. 21401; Charles
McCutchen, 5213 Acacia Ave.,
Bethesda, Md. 20014
- Kite line "laundry"
- On devices that rotate, flutter, jiggle, contract-release,
- From the main kiteline, hang sublines with active devices that
generate electricity either directly or by virtue of transmitted kinetic
- Cable-suspended resonant wind engine
- Airborne piezoelectric conversion with laundry structure using
- Optical fiber waveguide
- Longitudinal oscillations
- One-wire lightning grounding and energy capture
- Wire-free power transmission
- Capture energy aloft and beam the energy via laser or microwave or
sound or light
- Capture energy aloft and drop stored-energy packets to earth or
transfer the packets to other aircraft.
- Make things aloft and then glide or drop the made things to earth or
give them to other aircraft.
- Live aloft and consume the aloft-captured energy.
- Kite's tail
- Part can be spinning; that spinning can run a small
generator for work on the kite, for charging batteries, or for sending
electricity to ground for use or storage. Flutter, pulsation,
oscillation, spinning, and alternations (size, porosity, shape,
position) may be mechanically or smartly attained to provide changes
leading generator drives.
- Any of the methods of morphing a kite's wing body (see) or
its line or its line laundry (see) could be applied to tails.
- Tails may be free or constrained to a ground generator which
position is weathervaned or is moved by tail forces or by ground-control
forces to provide differences that could be transformed to making
- Airborne piezoelectric conversion where tail structures able to
use the piezoelectric effect
- Kite motion:
- Rotating spanwise kite
- Rotating vertical axis kite
- Rotating windwise axis kite
- Up and down
- Large circles to drive levers on the ground
- Figure of eights to drive line position to drive levers on the
- Free-gliding kite hang gliders (pilot's falling mass moors and tugs
the kite through short kite lines during free-flight) mounted with
generator and propeller are being considered for generating electricity
to charge on-board batteries for use in extending flight range by motor
when needed. Researcher: Taras Kiceniuk, Jr. and others.
- Driving rocker levers
- Driving circular rings with kites attached to the circumference of
- Wave pulsation (air or water)
- Shape changing by inflation pressure oscillations to produce tug
- Pulsating porosity
- Pneumatic shape pulsations
- Reverse method developed in
- Reverse invention for water-kite electricity
UNDULATING SURFACE DRIVING SYSTEM
- Shape morphing via "cavexing" [Faust]
- Shape morphing of airfoil by one of many methods
- Binary ways in AWES:
Pulsation, oscillation, on-off tugs, pull-relax-pull, some-none,
yes-no, light-dark, small-big, short-long,
left-right, binary, up-down,
this way and that way,
surround and pause, out-in, large-small, engage-disengage, on-off,
and pitch more, pitch up and pitch down,
cycling, cycle and reverse
cycle, cycle and cycle again, intermittent
action, buffeting, lash and unlash,
whip and unwhip,
weak-strong, tense and then slack, stiff-bendy, coil-recoil, taut-loose, smooth-rough, faster-slower,
moving-non-moving, twirling-non-twirling, more-less,
clockwise-counterclockwise, hard-soft, intake-outtake,
expand-contract, inhale-exhale, grab-release, push-release,
bend-release, fill-empty, connect-disconnect, expose-hide,
tighten-loosen, sloshing, hot-cold, wet-dry, static-ground,
touch-untouch, aileron up-then down, flap up then down, flip-flip,
fore-aft, back-forth, give-take, push-pull, connect-disconnect,
energize-off, power-depower, center-off-center, hole-no-hole,
upwind-downwind, roll-unroll, ruddering, brake-release, friction
on-friction-off, rotate-pause, reel in-let-out, bulbous-slim, telescope
out-back-in, wide-less-wide, aspect-ratio increase-decrease,
twist-untwist, stress-relax, porous-not-porous, compress-decompress,
flexing-relaxing, one-direction-then-another (any rotational amount
differential), raise-lower, wax-wane, reel-unreel, ebb-flow, hard-soft,
inflating-deflating, wave-unwave, increase-decrease, more amplitude-less
amplitude, oneway-otherway, "cavex-de-cavex" ,
balance-imbalance, pump-release, over-under, yank-pause, tensioning-retensioning, tension-compression,
firm-flaccid, yo-yo, symmetrical-asymmetrical, etc. Use such binary opposites to
produce alternating tugs to drive a grounded electric generator.
jitter-non-jitter, turn-unturn, swerve this way then that,
veering/backing, bobbing, this phase and then that phase, switching on
and off, behavior alternation, reel-in and reel-out, pay out and in, open
pores and close pores, shift, shunting, shifting, tip left pull then
pull right, lift and drop, jerking, spasmodic jerking, stretch/shrink,
inflate/deflate, elongate/contract, ripple/smooth, wind/unwind, yo-yo
out/yo-yo in, program/de-program, fast/slow, increase pressure in
inflated member and decrease pressure in that inflated member, inhauling
and outhauling, veer out and veer in, reef and ____, play out and
play in, haul in and haul out, furl and unfurl, able and disable,
shortening and lengthening, undulations in tether tension with cycle
short or long, compress and release,
wet and dry, unpack and deploy, morph and unmorph, codec (compressor/decompressor),
damped pendulum reaching threshold for trigger for flip-flop of
directions, buckling and unbuckling, sleep-awake cycles, traction step
and release step, power-cost, increase area and then
decrease area, power phase and cost phase, distort/release, stretch and
shrink, buckle and unbuckle, weave and unweave, tangle and untangle,
spread and close, flatten and unflatten, wrinkle and smooth, pulse and
pause, snap and unsnap, clip and unclip, contact and discontact, place
and remove, hug and release, arc and straighten, pilot helper or not,
inlet air and outlet air, passive and active, ascend and descend, place
and displace, pressurize and depressurize, press and release, Poisson
effect: increase and decrease interior pressure to obtain shortened
length and return of prior length, use temperature to increase length
and decrease temperature to shorten, close/open, collapse/reopen,
cravat/reopen, stall/unstall, pitch up/pitch down, roll/unroll, yaw
left/yaw right, trim/de-trim, mount/dis-mount, position/de-position,
surge-brake, load-unload, brake-release, flapping permit-stop flapping,
sheet out and sheet in, increase gap and decrease gap, charge and
discharge, activate nano muscles and relax nano muscles, spread-narrow,
button and unbutton, act and stop acting, squeeze and release the
squeeze, wrap and unwrap, reefing and dereefing, arming and
disarming, extending and retracting, stabilize and destabilize, firm and
upset, lift and drag, lift and drift, drag and release, anchor and
remove anchor, configure and disfigure, install and uninstall, run and
stop, pinch and release, cut and mend, tear and fix, spray and
sublimate, make and unmake, attach and detach, pile and spread, fan
spread and close fan, breathing in and breathing out, slide one
way and then the other, fork and unfork, divide and unite, flutter and
damp flutter, wobble and damp wobble, wing warping on and off or
increase and decrease, smart wing morphing, squeeze and relax, wicking
and drying, wetting and drying, self-foul and self-unfoul, foul and
unfoul, fetch and let go, veering and hauling, night operate and day
operate, cuff and uncuff, dimple and undimple, bind and unbind, mangle
and unmangle, pucker and unpucker, fly and unfly, tie and untie, knot
and unknot, form and deform, form and reform, dam and undam, gas release
into bladder and then recompression of the gas,
Add to this list:
Send note to editor. Thanks. Extend this into Research at "Binary
- Musical kites point to fluttering mechanics that can feed electric
- Part or entire kite structured to use the piezoelectric effect
- Combinatorial arrangements
- Kytoon sky anchor or lifter
- Lifter kites holding curtains or sail towers saturated with turbines
- Cable between mountains or hills over a valley; cables hold
- Line-held rotating surfaces (line axis or perpendicular to line),
wind turbines (on line or draped)
- Surfaces of the kite system may be solar-energy converters
- Collections of lifter kites lofting vertical curtains of
wind-maintaining rotation forms can coupled with ground-based generators
receiving torques from above. Kytoons could drape wind-rotated forms on
- As mentioned in Richard Miller's Without Visible Means of Support
and restated by Dr. Paul MacCready ...and experienced in some
land and water craft, there is a sector of dual-body systems that permit
directing forces to advantages. Miller and MacCready pointed to two
varied kites coupled in differential wind environments but fully lofted
in the atmosphere. The smart coupling and dynamics may provide dynamic
soaring or possibly be utilized to tap some of the forces for generating
electricity for sustaining flight of the system or stored..
Likewise, in water or the interface of water and air, coupled kites of
either sort may do work when properly arranged.
- Air kite tacking water kite or boat: then have part of the water
situation be with a water turbine driving electric generation.
- Kite powered windmill, oscillating kite-powered tensioned loop. Use
any type of kite for niche purposes. Use fully limp parafoils or
stiffened kites or hard-surfaced airfoils or kiteplanes or kited
gliders. Consider letting the kite or kiteplane be remotely controlled
or smartly robot controlled, or even live-human controlled in the air
for giving pilot practice to recreational or professional pilots. As the
pilot guides the kite from side to side in the wind window, s(he) gets
flying practice and entertainment ..while pulling the bi-line tether
(loop) through ground-based generators; the loop can be very long and
the flying path can be wide or not. In each power change of direction of
the kite, an increase in apparent wind occurs and the potential of
tension to pull the loop line through ground generators permits high
chance to generate electricity. All of this can be robotized. If
the kite or kiteplane is lighter than air, then the kytoon can remain up
in the high altitudes during wind lulls. Universal joints on the ground
can permit wind direction to change greatly while still driving the same
ground-based generators. The ground-based generators could be
underground to save on real estate grab; or the generators could be
raised on a roof while the ground remains for other real estate uses.
- Air kites in combination with water kites (tether, fixed coupling,
RC, smart, oscillating)
- Morphing kytoons using some of the ideas of the
while taping the motions up and down for electricity generating
- Kytoon gas expansion and contraction used to drive generator. Raise
and lower the kytoon. Or raise and lower lifter kites while lifting
balloon whose cavexors are couple with electric generators
- As manned-kite-glider glides: let propeller set on the free-flying
kite be driven by the ambient apparent wind; let that propeller drive an
electric generator to charge batteries onboard. Later: Use the charged
batteries to drive the propeller for extending flight.
Regenerative charging. Taras Kiceniuk, Jr.
- Flutter of underwater kite or fishing lure could generate
electricity to light the lure to attract fish (now many lighted lures
use tiny batteries; proposed: go direct: let the kiting flutter of the
lure generate the electricity to light the lure; look Mom, no
batteries!). Such are patented:
Electronic fishing lure
US Pat. 6457275 - Filed Nov 2,
2000 - Pro-Troll, Inc.
US 6457275 Bl (45) Date of Patent: Oct., 2002 (54) ELECTRONIC
FISHING LURE (75)
Inventor: Cecil R. Spurgeon, Richmond, CA (US) (73) Assignee:
flasher fishing lure
US Pat. 10844687 - Filed May 13,
6457275 Bl (the '275 patent) which teaches that when the
voltage generator or
emitter is attached to a trolling lure which experiences jerky
- Reverse what is known in flapping mechanical wings and ornithopter
technology to have the wind drive generators
- alter airfoil near twitch point to get large changes of direction,
(camber changing, rear of airfoil morphing, interior of airfoil camber
- Wind operated noise making devices converted to driving electric
- Air kite system tows water-based electricity-generating turbine
around the ocean. The electricity is stored and used later. Locate
wind paths where reverse direction may happen. Control kite system's
tacking to increase power.
- Use kite mechanical energies to pump water for later use to
- Turbines on cables
- Double-kite coupled systems to play the two kites in their
ever-distinct wind environments in order to get a net system pulsation
for use in generating electricity. Smart controlling will be needed.
- Reel out for power stroke. Depower kite. Easier reel in.
- Fly Gen
- Power Gen Peter Lynn
- Hydroelectricity is electricity generated by
hydropower, i.e., the production of power through use of the
gravitational force of falling or flowing water. Kites dragging a
electricity-generating turbine through the ocean's water provides
- Atmospheric electricity and kite systems
Distinguish between capturing lightning and the different
challenge of harnessing for utility the electrical potential differences
in atmospheric layers and ground. Could kite systems be designed to
capture and store the potential difference?
- Electrodynamic tethers
- merry-go-round generator
Kite Wind Generator, or KiteGen
- See also:
- Dave Santos:
"The latest "disruptive" tech is a super-cheap simple self-tacking
sail under a stable lifter kite yanking on spring-loaded cranks or
pistons; anyone can do it!"
- Let recreational hang glider training double as an
electricity-generation system. Let the piloted kite out into ambient
wind. The pilot spends 3 hours doing figure eights in the sky in a stiff
wind. The pilot controls the kite into figures and pulsations. The wind
itself will change during the hours. Use the line tension changes and
direction changes to generate electricity on the ground. The pilot
has fun, gets flight training, and generates electricity all in an
afternoon of being up in the air flying. The pilot gets exercise,
recreation, good view, entertainment, and a chance to charge some
batteries or give energy to a grid.
may lift and drag air kites moored to water turbines that are fixed or
mobile. Move cargo by kite tug even while the tug turns water turbines
making electricity; arrive with charged giant batteries or
ultracapacitors; off-load cargo and the gained electricity. The wind and
water are there inviting humans to draw upon the huge renewable energy
- Heavier-than-water water kites "flown" in water currents with water
- Lighter-than-water water kites "flown" in water currents with water
- Pulsating kytoon drives ground-based dynamo. Charge batteries
of ground-based home or vehicle. No fixed tower needed as windmills.
Kytoon stays aloft as wind stops or changes direction. Use part of the
wind's energy to cause line pulsation.
- Individual actuation of struts and tensional edges in tensegrity
structures to get morphing that could drive aerodynamic changes that
could drive electric generators. "Butterfly effect" where small changes
trigger large changes. See
Wires in earth's magnetic field
- Fly kite systems that are both moving and able to convert solar
radiation to storable charges; fly the kite system above the clouds to
receive wind and solar radiation.
- Yo-yo long cycle
- Yo-yo short cycle
- Undulations in tether tension with cycle short or long
- Vibrating tether
- aeolian technology
- Horizontal Axis Wind Turbines (HAWT)
- Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWT)
- Wind farms (analogical kite system wind farms
using upper strong winds)
- Nonaxial wind turbines
- Tensile-based wind systems. Tethered
wind energy systems.
- virtual variable span wing, morphable wings, shape-changing wings,
smart-shape-changing wings, etc.
- Airborne piezoelectric conversion
- Having the kite system operate ground-based piezoelectric effect
No-tether-to-ground jet-stream-involved dual-aircraft EKS AWE
Power beam energy from above. Use differential momentums of two aloft
locations aloft-coupled smartly; one location stays in the jet stream;
the coupled location is out of the jet stream. Massively-smart controls
tap the system for some energy converted to power beams which energy is
sent to receivers on the ground or sea or to active aircraft.
June 15, 2009: Contact:
Darrieus beads on cables
M389 Consult Darin Selby.
Contra-rotating sets of Darrieus beads on cables, perhaps in urbanAWE.
Use kite systems to pump water upstream in a river.
Pump the water from lower end to higher stations. Use the water drop of
the river to drive hydroelectric turbines. Similar for high ponds
and lakes or artificial reservoirs.
Spread of two coupled kites pulls center of central bridged-held line;
bring the coupled kites toward each other to release downwardly the
center of central bridged-held line; the central-bridge-held line pulls
and releases in cycles to drive sprag-clutched ground gen. The
working line could be springed tensed or worked from another third
spreading kite that is timed rightly. This method has not been
demonstrated yet. JpF March 2010.
Shiva-1 arch of tarp kites AWES
Update from Austin (Soft Rivet Technology (TM))
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